Tips on How to Improve English Writing Skills 如何提高英语写作技巧的提示

您是否想知道如何提高英语写作技巧?您是否想知道如何写正确的句子而不是一项艰巨的任务?


以下是一些技巧,可帮助您对写作更有信心,并提高英语写作技巧:


  1. 尽量多阅读

正如我们说听力与口语密切相关,阅读与写作密切相关,因此,提高英语写作水平的第一要诀是尽可能多地阅读!这将帮助您改善词汇量,语法,句子结构,并向您展示多种交流思想的方法。例如:如果您需要写自己的房屋或个人简介,一个好主意是阅读书籍,杂志,小册子,互联网或您能想到的任何其他生物或房屋描述。阅读其他内容后,您可以尝试编写自己的内容。您会发现,这比尝试在没有任何先前输入的情况下编写要容易得多!

 

  1. 使用一本英文辞典

您可以查找单词以阐明其含义,并学习反义词和同义词,以免重复单词或短语,从而提高您的沟通能力。


  1. 在语法上下一点功夫

即使您不必“学习”语法,但如果您做一些语法练习,您的英语写作也会大大提高。另外,请记住,写作时的语法要比说话时的语法重要,因为文章通常更正式,更结构化。



  1. 注意字的拼写

如果您阅读一篇您母语的文章,发觉里面充满来错别字的时候,您的感觉如何?英文字拼写不佳可能会破坏原本有趣的文章,而且我们通常会写东西是为了让别人来读的。

  1. 用英语来记日记

记日记将迫使您每天写作,这样写作就变成日常活动。此外,您是在“为自己写信”,这会让您感到自如和惬意。您无需编写复杂的句子:可以根据需要使它们保持简单。

  1. 学会将基本句子宽展为复杂的句子

在英语中有五种基本的句式:

Subject – Verb (John studies; My friend is playing )

Subject – Verb – Object (I like apples; Mary reads novels)

Subject –Verb – Adjective (Jenny is happy; Linda is pretty)

Subject – Verb – Adverb (She speaks fluently; These flowers are everywhere)

Subject – Verb – Noun (My father was a chemist, You are a student)

这里是宽展句子几个例句:

John, my brother, studies at home. My life long friend is always playing.

These small white flowers are everywhere during the summer. My father, who passed away several years ago, was a well-known chemist.


  1. 学会怎样来安排段落

提高英语写作技能的一种有用方法是,以主题句子作为段落的开头:即解释您要写的内容的句子。继续提供支持的句子:即提供有关该主题的更多信息的句子。得出结论:即,通常是该段正文中提出的想法的总结。学习如何在段落之间进行过渡,以表达想法之间的关系,从而使文本更加流畅。

  1. 先写好提纲

即使使用非常简单的英语写作,您也必须保持某种写作的结构,以清晰有序的方式传达您想要表达的信息。有多种不同的方法来组织文章的提纲,您可以按照您整理事物的方式来制定您的写作提纲。



  1. 尝试请人来读你所写的文章

很多人都可以帮助您理解和纠正在语法或拼写以及段落文本的组织方式上可能犯的各种错误。可以向老师、家教、以英语为母语的人,任何掌握英语的人请教。

提高英语写作并不是立竿见影的事,但是通过艰苦,有效的努力和逐步的改进,您一定会到达较高的英文写作能力。开始写非常简单的句子,然后挑战编写更复杂的作品。试一试吧!




讨论问题:

  1. 在以上的提示中,有哪一些您已经在使用了?又有哪一些您会开始使用?
  2. 您觉得在这些提示中哪一些最有用?哪一些比较没有用?

  3. 您是否还有其他提高英语写作的建议吗?

Do you want to know how to improve your English writing skills? Do you want to know how to write correct sentences without it being a painful task?

Here are some tips to help you feel more confident with writing, and improve your English writing skills:

1. Read as much as you can

Just as we say that listening is closely related to speaking, reading is closely related to writing so our number 1 tip for improving your English writing would be to read as much as you can! This will help you improve your vocabulary, grammar, sentence structure, and show you there are many different ways to communicate ideas. For example: If you need to write a description of a house or a bio of yourself, a great idea is to read some other bios or house descriptions, from books, magazines, brochures, the internet or whatever source you can think of. After having read others, then you can attempt to write your own. You’ll realize it’s much easier than trying to write without any previous input!

2. Keep an English dictionary  

You’ll be able to look up words to clarify their meaning and to learn antonyms and synonyms so as not to repeat words or phrases, which will better your communication skills.  

3. Brush up your grammar

Even though you don’t have to “study” grammar, your English writing will improve a lot if you work on grammar exercises. Also, remember that grammar is more important when you write than when you speak because it is usually more formal and more structured.


4. Check your spelling before and after writing  

How do you feel when you read something full of spelling mistakes in your own language? Poor spelling can spoil an otherwise interesting piece to read, and we generally write for other people to read what we’ve written.

5. Keep a diary in English

It will make you write every day to turn writing into a routine activity. Besides, you are “writing to yourself”, which can make you feel liberated and satisfied. You don’t need to write elaborate sentences: you can keep them as simple as you want.

6. Learn how to expand your basic sentences into more elaborate ones

There are five basic sentence structures in English:

  • Subject – Verb (John studies; My friend is playing )

  • Subject – Verb – Object (I like apples; Mary reads novels)

  • Subject –Verb – Adjective (Jenny is happy; Linda is pretty)

  • Subject – Verb – Adverb (She speaks fluently; These flowers are everywhere)

  • Subject – Verb – Noun (My father was a chemist, You are a student)

Here are a few examples of how you can expand them:

  • John, my brother, studies at home. My life long friend is always playing.

  • These small white flowers are everywhere during the summer. My father, who passed away several years ago, was a well-known chemist.

7. Learn how to organize a paragraph

A useful way to improve your English writing skills is to start your paragraphs with a topic sentence: i.e. a sentence that explains what you are going to write about. Continue with supporting sentences: i.e. sentences that provide more information about the topic. Finish with a conclusion: i.e. it is generally a summary of the ideas developed in the body of the paragraph. Learn how to make transitions between paragraphs to signal relationships between ideas so as to create a fluent body of text.

8. Write an outline

Even in a very simple piece of English writing you have to keep some kind of an organization to convey the message you want in a clear orderly way. There are many different ways to write outlines and these have much to do with the way you organize things in your mind.

9. Try to get someone to read what you’ve written

A teacher, a tutor, a native speaker: whoever masters the language and can help you understand and correct whatever mistakes you may have made both in grammar or spelling and in the way your paragraph text has been organized.

Writing in English is not really something you can achieve immediately, but with hard, efficient work and gradual improvement you should definitely get there. Start writing very simple sentences and then get the challenge to write more elaborate pieces. Just give it a try!


Source:  https://www.wallstreetenglish.com/blog/how-to-improve-english-writing-skills/

Discussion Questions:

  1. How many of these strategies have you used before? Are there some you would like to try?
  2. Which ones have been the most useful? Or which ones are the least useful?
  3. What are some other suggestions you have for improving somebody’s writing skills?