Why do Americans Love Football? 为什么美国人都喜爱橄榄球?

世界上各人对运动的喜好是各不相同的。让我们先从我们所知道的那些对体育运动不是那么喜欢的人的看法;他们认为热衷于观看体育运动是一点也没有意义的。

    如果你是个体育运动的粉丝,现在我要告诉你那些不喜欢体育运动的人是怎么看待你和你所热衷于的球队的。

    有人付给一群二、三十岁奇奇怪怪的人来进行一场互相对抗的游戏,而这些游戏对世界根本没有任何实质的影响,而你却对这样的事情花极大的精力来关注。运动中,必定有一些队赢了,而另外一些队输了;一些运动员表现的比另外一些更好,这就是事实的真相了。

    为什么美国人喜欢橄榄球?其中一部分原因可以从神经科学来解释。

    《体育运动粉丝的秘密:沉迷在体育运动的科学研究》的作者,艾瑞克ᐧ西蒙说,“你身上的激素与运动员身上的激素一样在你身上作用。”西蒙还说,在你的脑子里反映了你在电视机上所看到的运动员的一切动作,这就提高了你自己的感觉。而且这还不仅仅是你的自我感觉,还把你的身份与你所喜爱的球队链接在一起了。他还说,当一个人所喜爱的球队赢了,他那高涨的情绪可以一直延续到这个球队在下一个礼拜六或者礼拜天的比赛。体育运动不仅让人们建立起一个“我们对他们”的拼搏结构,而且还让人们成为“我们这个团队”的一部分,以至于人们可以一起为赢球而欢庆,也为输球而沮丧。在部落年代里,这种“我们对他们”的概念很强烈,但是现在,特别是在一些大国中就不那么显著了。

    橄榄球也使人们集成群体,特别是那些在社区里对社会上的事情有不同看法的人,他们虽然不会在公司里、教堂里、和保龄球场里集成群体,但是在橄榄球上却会集成群体。有很多地方,朋友们聚在一起看比赛,而且运动项目也成为父亲与孩子的谈话主题。有关运动的谈话并不取代其他的谈话内容,但是增加了孩子与父亲的谈话内容。有关运动的谈话主题,对增进孩子与父亲的关系有不可估量的作用。

    对橄榄球规则的深入了解,也吸引了人们对这方面知识的追求,因为这个规则是巨大的,也是非常复杂的。球员可以在球场上有各方位的跑动,和出人预料的战术运用,这是其他运动不可同日而语的,与棒球是非常不一样的。球场上变化多端,这就让观看的人感到非常的享受。

    大学队橄榄球比赛也是非常受欢迎的。在比赛的时候,你将会看到专业拉拉队和军乐队的表演,教练们的智斗,当然还有运动员的竞技。所有这些人在比赛前好几个礼拜就一直在努力训练,这样就把这一场比赛的气氛提高了起来。事实上,礼拜六的一场大学橄榄球赛需要多方面的合作,有集中的训练加上这整个社区的参与。比赛所得到的好处不仅仅是财政上的收益,而对于国家的前程有深远的影响。成群的地方每礼拜都举行橄榄球比赛的现象,我们发觉不同政见和不同宗教的人们,在橄榄球比赛的时候都团结在一起。因此,所有的政客对橄榄球比赛都非常关注;在观看橄榄球上真的有很多可以学的内容。



讨论问题:


  1. 你喜欢参与什么样的体育运动?

  2. 对美国人来说,体育运动是娱乐中最受欢迎的项目。你所以爱的娱乐是什么?为什么?

  3. 你是否到运动场上去观看过比赛?请诉说一下你的体验。

  4. 每年的超级杯橄榄球比赛是最受关注的比赛。很多美国人在家里举行派对,就是为了看这一场比赛。今年你是否有机会来看这比赛?

Throughout the world, the way people feel about sports spans a wide range. Let’s start with what we know about the non-sports side. To non-sports fans, caring about sports makes no sense.

If you’re a sports fan, here’s how non-sports fans view your love of your team:

A bunch of strangers in their 20s and 30s are paid to play games against each other that have no real world consequences, and you’ve decided that you care a ton about this. There are teams that must win and teams that must lose, and players that must play better than other players—and this is all critical.

Why do Americans love football? Part of the attraction can be explained by neuroscience.

“Your hormones are doing what the players hormones are doing,” says Eric Simons, author of “The Secret Lives of Sports Fans: The Science of Sports Obsession”. Simons says that your brain is actually mirroring the actions of the on-screen athletes, giving us a self-esteem boost. But it's not just a matter of self-esteem. A mixed-up sense of identity occurs between fans and their favorite football team. He says that when someone’s personal team wins a game it gives them an emotional high that carries on to the next week of a Sunday or Saturday for football fans. The key is that sports create an “us vs. them” structure, which allows people to be part of a collective “us,” where the “us” can triumph or fail altogether. In tribal times, the concept of “us vs. them” was highly noticeable. Today, especially in huge countries, it’s not.

Football also provides a sense of bonding for men – such as those who might not share social bonds once found in their community, workplace, church or bowling league. A lot of people get together with friends to watch sports, and sports are even a talking point with sons and their fathers. Sports conversation is not replacing other, more worthwhile topics of conversation between those sons and fathers; it’s just adding a level of closeness that would not be there without it.

Football also has an intellectual attraction that keeps fans interested. The game requires understanding a vast, complex series of rules. Players can move in many different and unexpected directions (unlike baseball, for example). There are big swings in momentum, and it can be satisfying to watch.

College football is also very popular. On game day, you will see cheerleaders, a marching band, coaches and of course the players. All these people work hard for weeks in advance to raise the spirits of those watching the game.  In effect, a Saturday college football game requires many demands, including the concentrated efforts and participation of an entire community. The game yields profits, not just in terms of actual dollars, but far more importantly about the country’s direction. In finding the dozens of places where football is played every week we find the makings of unifying glue for a nation of varying political and religious interests. All politicians should pay close attention; there is much to be learned from watching football.


Discussion Questions:

  1. What sports do you enjoy playing?
  2. For Americans, sports are considered perhaps the most popular form of entertainment. What forms of entertainment do you enjoy? Why?
  3. Have you ever been to watch any kind of sports played in a stadium or field? Describe your experience.
  4. The Super Bowl is the most watched football game every year. Many Americans host parties at their houses to watch it with their family and friends. Did you get to watch this year?
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