Who is Jesus? 耶稣是谁?

1 起初有道,道与上帝同在,道是上帝之真体。2 这道起初与上帝同在;3 万物借着他而被造;凡被造的,没有一物在他以外而被造。4 生命在他里面 (有古卷作:‘万物借着他而被造;没有一物是在他以外而被造的。凡已被造的,有生命在他里面);这生命就是人的光。 5 光在黑暗中照耀着,黑暗却没有胜过了 (或译:‘去领会’;或‘赶上了’) 光。

6 有一个人,是由上帝差遣来的;他名叫约翰。7 这个人来来作见证,是要为光作见证,使众人借着他而相信。8 他不是那光,他乃是要为光作见证。

9 那真的光,那照亮万人的光,当时正在世界上来呢。10 他在世界上,世界借着他而被造,而世人不认识他。11 他到自己的地方来,而自己的人不接纳他。12 凡接待他的,就是信他名的人,他就给他们权利成为上帝的儿女。13 这种人不是由于血而生的,不是由于肉欲,也不是由于人欲,乃是由于上帝,而生的。

14 道成了肉身,住在我们中间[我们见过他的荣光,正是个独生者由父而来的荣光],丰丰满满地有恩典有‘真实’。15 [约翰为耶稣作见证,喊着说:“这一位就是我所说到:‘那在我以后来的,位在我前头,因为他本是比我先的’”。]16 从他的丰满里我们都领受了,而且恩上加恩。17 因为律法是借着摩西而颁赐;恩典与‘真实’乃是借着耶稣基督而来的。18 从来没有人见过上帝;惟有在父怀里的独生子(有古卷作:‘独生者’;或‘独生者上帝’)将他表彰出来。

19 以下是约翰的见证:当时犹太人从耶路撒冷差遣祭司和利未人来见约翰,诘问他说:“你是谁?”20 约翰承认而不否认;他承认说:“我不是上帝所膏立者基督(即被‘膏立者’的意思)。”21 他们又诘问他说:“那么,是什么呢?你是以利亚吗?”他说:“我不是。”“你是那位神言人吗?”他回答说:“不是。”22 于是他们问他们说:“你是谁?请明说,让我们好给差我们的人回复阿;关于你自己,你怎么说呢?”23 约翰说:“我乃是在野地里呼喊者的声音说:‘修直主的道路’,正如神言人以赛亚所说的。”

24 那些被差遣的有些是法利赛派的人。25 他们诘问约翰说:“你既不是上帝所膏立者基督,又不是以利亚,也不是那位神言人,那你为什么施洗呢?”26 约翰回答他们说:“我是用水施洗的;但有一位你们不认识的,站在你们中间,27 就是那在我以后来的,我配不起他,去解他的鞋带的。”28 这些是在约但河外的伯大尼,约翰施洗的地方,发生的。

29 第二天,约翰看见耶稣向他那里走去,就说:“看哪,上帝的羊羔,除掉世人的罪的!30 这一位就是我所说到:‘有一个人在我以后来,位在我前头,因为他本是比我先的’。 31 我从前也不认识他;但是为要使他向以色列显明出来;故此我来用水施洗。”32 约翰作见证说:“我见过圣灵,仿佛鸽子,从天降下,停在耶稣上头。33 我从前也不认识他;但那差我用水施洗的对我说:‘你看见灵降下,停在谁上头,谁就是那用圣灵施洗的。”  34 我看见了,就见证这一位是上帝所拣选的(有古卷作:上帝的儿子)。”

《约翰福音》1:1~34 (吕振中译本)


讨论问题:
  1. “In the beginning” 这个词是不是有点面熟?我们在哪里也读过这个词?

  2. 在第一节里三次提到了“道”,这“道”到底是什么意思?

  3. 在第一和第二节里是怎样告诉我们耶稣的?

  4. 在第二十九、三十、和三十四节里,作为见证者的约翰是怎样讲论耶稣的?

  5. 耶稣基督怎么可以使每一个人的真光?

  6. 为什么人们不认识耶稣?

  7. 人们要怎样才能认识耶稣?

  8. 你在这篇课文里学到了些什么?

1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God Himself. 2 He was in the beginning with God. 3 All things were made and came into existence through Him; and without Him not even one thing was made that has come into being. 4 In Him was life [and the power to bestow life], and the life was the Light of men. 5 The Light shines on in the darkness, and the darkness did not understand it or overpower it or absorb it [and is unreceptive to it].

6 There came a man commissioned and sent from God, whose name was John. 7 This man came as a witness, to testify about the Light, so that all might believe through him. 8 John was not the Light, but came to testify about the Light.

9 There it was—the true Light which, coming into the world, enlightens everyone. 10 He was in the world, and though the world was made through Him, the world did not recognize Him. 11 He came to that which was His own [that which belonged to Him—His world, His creation, His possession], and those who were His own [people] did not receive and welcome Him. 12 But to as many as did receive and welcome Him, He gave the right to become children of God, that is, to those who believe in (trust in, and rely on) His name — 13 who were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.

14 And the Word became flesh, and lived among us; and we saw His glory, glory as belongs to the only begotten Son of the Father, full of grace and truth (absolutely free of deception). 15 John testified [repeatedly] about Him and has cried out, “This was He of whom I said, ‘He who comes after me has a higher rank than I and has priority over me, for He existed before me.’” 16 For out of His fullness we have all received grace upon grace [spiritual blessing upon spiritual blessing, favor upon favor, and gift heaped upon gift]. 17 For the Law was given through Moses, but grace [the unearned, undeserved favor of God] and truth came through Jesus Christ. 18 No one has seen God at any time; the only begotten God who is in the intimate presence of the Father, He has explained Him [God the Father].

19 This is the testimony of John when the Jews sent priests and Levites to him from Jerusalem to ask him, “Who are you?” 20 And he confessed [truthfully] and did not deny [that he was only a man], but acknowledged, “I am not the Christ (the Messiah, the Anointed)!” 21 They asked him, “What then? Are you Elijah?” And he said, “I am not.” “Are you the [promised] Prophet?” And he answered, “No.” 22 Then they said to him, “Who are you? Tell us, so that we may give an answer to those who sent us. What do you say about yourself?” 23 He said, “I am the voice of one shouting in the wilderness, ‘Make straight the way of the Lord,’ as the prophet Isaiah said.”

24 Now they had been sent from the Pharisees. 25 They asked him, “Why then are you baptizing, if you are not the Christ, nor Elijah, nor the Prophet?” 26 John answered them, “I baptize in water, but among you there stands One whom you do not recognize and of whom you know nothing. 27 It is He who comes after me, the strap of whose sandal I am not worthy to untie [even as His slave].” 28 These things occurred in Bethany across the Jordan [at the Jordan River crossing], where John was baptizing.

29 The next day he saw Jesus coming to him and said, “Look! The Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world! 30 This is He on behalf of whom I said, ‘After me comes a Man who has a higher rank than I and has priority over me, for He existed before me.’ 31 I did not recognize Him [as the Messiah]; but I came baptizing [in water so that He would be [publicly] revealed to Israel.” 32 John gave [further] evidence [testifying officially for the record, with validity and relevance], saying, “I have seen the Spirit descending as a dove out of heaven, and He remained upon Him. 33 I did not recognize Him [as the Messiah], but He who sent me to baptize in water said to me, ‘He upon whom you see the Spirit descend and remain, this One is He who baptizes with the Holy Spirit.’ 34 I myself have [actually] seen [that happen], and my testimony is that this is the Son of God!”

John 1: 1 - 34 (AMP)


Discussion Question:

  1. The phrase "in the Beginning" sounds familiar, where else did we read "in the beginning"?
  2. Referred to three times in John 1:1, what is "the Word"?
  3. What do verses 1 & 2 tells us about Jesus?
  4. In verse 29, 30, & 34, what does John, the witness, say about Jesus?
  5. How is Jesus Christ the true light of every man (verses 4 & 9)?
  6. Why did they not recognize Jesus?
  7. How does one receive Jesus?
  8. What have you learned about Jesus from today's lesson?

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