Tea Traditions Around the World 世界各国的饮茶传统

Image result for Tea Traditions Around the World

饮茶的好处多多,饮茶可以取暖又有降温之功效,饮茶可以提神减除心中的忧烦。茶是除了水以外名列世界首位的饮料。看来饮茶是有百利而无一害。从古代中国到现代社会,人们已经明确,茶使人放松的功效和茶在文化礼仪上的作用都是有目共睹的。本文仅献给那些在旅途中仍然不忘喝一杯茶,而且觉得茶是远远高于普通饮料的读者。


I.    印度奶茶

印度是世界上生产和消费茶最多的国家。印度奶茶是真的是印度的全民饮料,在印度的每一条街角,人们都在饮印度奶茶,特别是在火车站,人们都在兜售印度奶茶。而且无论白天还是夜晚,他们都在喝印度奶茶。如果到印度人的家里做客,人们一定敬你一杯甜的印度奶茶。(按照印度人的习惯,随时可以串门子,不需要事先打招呼的。)

如果你有机会到独特的印度旅游,一定要去参观印度在穆讷尔的茶博物馆。在那里你就可以看到印度人传统的茶叶生产。

II.    摩洛哥:薄荷茶是他们的文化中心

只要你在摩洛哥市呆上二十四小时,就一定会有人请你喝茶了。摩洛哥人把他们的薄荷茶称为“Touareg”茶,这绝对是他们的文化中心。薄荷茶完全与他们对客人的款待连在一起的。他们向客人三次送上薄荷茶,每一杯茶都有不同的意义,依次表示:生活、爱情、和死亡。这三杯茶是都必须喝下去的。你现在是否想要得到摩洛哥的薄荷茶?我现在告诉你怎么制作:你就是需要很多糖,比例是每五茶匙糖就加一茶匙的茶叶,当然,另外还要薄荷,这必不可少的成分。


III.    美国:霎时间,茶大受欢迎

在美国无论冬天还是夏天,无论是清晨还是傍晚,茶是最受欢迎的非酒精饮料之一。在美国不仅可以找到绿茶、红茶,而且还可以找到乌龙茶,几乎所有传统的中国茶。从北美人们对健康的认识角度来说,无论是什么样的茶,只要是茶都是健康的。目前,我们还是可以说在早餐的时候,咖啡仍然是人们所喜欢的惯例;但是在午餐的时候,人们喜欢喝冰茶,而在晚上的时候,任何种茶都是受欢迎的。


IV.    英国:高贵的下午茶

大家都知道,大不列颠是一个在上床之前仍然要喝一杯茶的地方。英国人不喝一杯具有悠久历史的下午茶是没有办法生活的,他们的这个习惯是在大英皇朝占领印度的时候从印度带回来的。尽管咖啡灌注他们的文化里,英国大众对热饮料的首选却仍然是茶。

一旦你有机会访问伦敦,请毫不犹豫地去伦敦西区中心的奥兰居里享受一下下午茶,那里是下午茶爱好者的乐园。


V.    中国:茶叶的皇朝

对中国人来说,茶就是他们的生命。中国人首先发现了茶叶,从此就开始喝茶了。因为到处都是优越的自然环境,不同的地方就培育了不同品种的茶叶。茶道是品茶的艺术,后来就成为日本从中国学到的一项重要的文化项目。

在杭州有着全中国唯一的茶叶博物馆,里面仔细地介绍了历代茶文化的发展。

VI.    泰国:时髦的茶

你没有尝过泰国的茶吗?泰国茶是世界上最受欢迎的茶之一。这是一种强力酿制的茶,里面放了八角、红色和黄色的食物调色剂,还有一些其他的香料。泰国茶特别在东南亚流行,在美国和欧洲的不少餐厅里也有泰国茶和越南茶供应。

泰国茶起源于战争时期,但这不是很多国家里那种反殖民主义的战争,而是内战时期产生的。


VII.    俄国:请客人喝扎瓦尔卡茶

俄国人热爱两种饮料:伏特加和茶。从俄国的历史来看,我们就知道随着布尔什维克在内战中的胜利,士兵和工人开始得到了免费的茶,之前喝茶只是上层阶级所能享受的奢侈品。今天,大多数俄国人喜欢喝他们所说的扎瓦尔卡茶,这是一种非常浓的茶,由一种特制茶壶来泡制,可以供给客人喝好几轮。

如果有机会到俄国旅游,一定要去尝尝俄国的扎瓦尔卡茶,同时吃一些甜点。因为按照他们的习惯,喝茶不吃甜点是没有教养的。



讨论问题:

  1. 你在这篇文章里学到了什么?

  2. 在文章里的不同种类的茶,你喝过哪些?

  3. 在一个礼拜里,你和几次茶?

  4. 你喜欢喝什么样的茶?你可以描述它的起源和它需要的酿造技术吗?

  5. 在你居住的地方,人们是怎样喝他们的茶的?热茶还是冰茶?加糖还是不加糖?用茶叶包还是直接把茶叶放在杯子里泡?有咖啡因的茶还是没有咖啡因的茶?


Image result for Tea Traditions Around the World


It will warm us if we are cool, it will cool us if we are too heated and it will cheer us if we are depressed (in addition, it contains multiple benefits). Tea is the second most consumed drink in the world after water and apparently it has the solution to all evils. From the time of the ancient Chinese Dynasty to our present, tea has showed us its power and the fact that it has a lot to do with relaxing and sacred rituals. This article is for those who love travelling and still think a cup of tea is more than a drink…


1.  India: The land of Chai tea

India produces and consumes more tea than any other country in the world. Chai is the national drink in India and it is served literally on every street corner– Especially in crowded train stations, where you can see people selling it at all times of the day and night. If you ever get invited to an Indian house (remember that here guests can drop by anytime without warning) prepare yourself to taste a sweet and spiced milk-tea.

If you have the chance to visit amazing India, visit the Tea Museum in Munnar. Here you will get to know the traditional tea production.


2.   Morocco: Mint tea, the heart of the culture

It is almost impossible to spend 24 hours in a Moroccan city and to not be served hot tea. Touareg tea, or Moroccan mint tea is literally the heart of their culture. Strongly linked to the act of hospitality, the mint tea is served to guests three times with each glass meaning a different thing- life, love and death. Of course, all of them have to be drunk. Do you fancy a Moroccan tea? You only need a large quantity of hard sugar, 5 teaspoons for every spoon of fresh tea and of course, mint, the essential ingredient.


3.   USA: The tea explosion

Whether cold or warm, in the morning or at night, tea is one of the most popular non- alcoholic drinks in the States. Here it is possible to find green, red and even the oolong tea, the traditional Chinese tea. In this sense, it doesn´t matter the type of tea as they are all included in North American people’s health-obsessed diet.  Today we can say that coffee is still preferred for the morning ritual, ice tea is often consumed with lunch and all types of tea are drunk in the evenings.


4.   Britain: Classic afternoon tea

We all know that Britain is the place on the Earth where people can drink a cup of tea even before they go to bed. Yes, British people can’t live without this ancient drink which they brought from India from the time when Britain was an empire. Despite the coffee fuelled culture, tea is still the first hot drink chosen by the British population.

If you have the chance to visit London, don’t hesitate to spend an afternoon at the Orangerie, a paradise for classic tea lovers in the heart of chic West London.


5.  China: The dynasty of tea

For Chinese people, tea is synonym of life. They were the first to discover the tea leaf and have been drinking tea ever since. Because of the geographic climate, many locations across the country cultivate different types of tea. The art of making tea is called “Cha dao”, which was soon accepted as one of the most important cultures that Japan learned from China.

The only national museum in China can be found in Hangzhou, where there is a detailed description of the historic development of tea culture in China.


6.   Thailand: A very trendy tea

Who hasn’t tried a Thai tea? This is also one of the most popular teas in the world. It is made from strongly-brewed red tea that usually contains anise, red and yellow food colouring and sometimes other spices too. Thai tea is especially consumed in Southeast Asia and in lots of American and European restaurants that serve Vietnamese and Thai food.

Thai tea found its roots in the midst of war, but a civil, rather than a colonial war like in most countries.


7.   Russia: Zavarka for guests

There are two things that Russians love most: vodka and tea. The history of this country tells us that it was along the Bolsheviks’ victory at the Civil War that soldiers and industrial workers started to get free tea, which until that point was considered an upper class product. Today most Russians enjoy what they call Zavarka, a very strong tea prepared in a separate tea pot that allows hosts to serve the guests in several rounds.

If you ever travel to Russia, don’t hesitate to have your tea with a piece of cake, as it is considered quite rude to serve the tea “naked”.


Source: http://worldteanews.com/news/10-tea-traditions-around-world#sthash.Pp26exnw.dpuf


Discussion Questions:

  1. What is something you learned from reading this article?

  2. How many of the different types of teas have you tried from the list above?  

  3. How often during any given week do you drink tea?

  4. What are some types of tea that you enjoy drinking?  Can you describe its origins and the brewing techniques it requires?
  5. How do people like their tea in your region? Hot or iced? Sweetened or unsweetened? With a tea bag or filled with tea leaves? Caffeinated or decaffeinated?