King Solomon (I) 所罗门皇帝 之一

    以色列的第三任皇帝是所罗门,他是大卫王和拔示巴的儿子。他被认为是以色列领袖中最有伟大的一位,特别是他的智慧、财富和他所建造的建筑物。他在圣经里也 写了很多,比如雅歌、箴言和传道书里都有他的笔迹。在所罗门当皇帝的时候,以色列相当太平,并且在国际政治和经济上占有重要的地位。

   当他的父亲大卫王年迈的时候,所罗门的兄弟亚多尼亚企图称王,但是拔示巴和先知拿单并其他的支持者帮助大卫王封立了十二岁的所罗门为以色列的王。

列王纪上 第二章 1至4节:

   大卫给所罗门的遗训大卫的死期近了,就嘱咐他的儿子所罗门说:  “我现在要走世人必走的路了,你当坚强作大丈夫, 谨守耶和华你 神所吩咐的,遵行他的道,按摩西律法所写的,谨守他的律例、诫命、典章和法度;这样,无论你作甚麽,无论你往哪里去,都可以亨通。 这样,耶和华必坚立他所说有关我的话,说:‘如果你的子孙谨慎自己所行的,一心一意、诚诚实实行在我面前,就不断有人坐以色列的王位了。’

所罗门祈求智慧

列王纪上第三章 514节:

   那天晚上在基遍,耶和华在梦中向所罗门显现; 神说:“你无论求甚麽,我必赐给你。”

    所罗门说:“你僕人我父亲大卫以诚实、公义和正直的心在你面前行事为人,你就以极大的慈爱待他;你又为他存留这极大的慈爱,赐给他一个儿子坐在他的王位上,正如今日一样。 耶和华我的 神啊,现在你使僕人接续我的父亲大卫作王,但我还年轻,不知道应当怎样处事。 僕人住在你拣选的子民中;这些子民很多,多得不能数算。 所以,求你赐给僕人一颗明辨的心,可以判断你的子民,能辨别是非,因为谁能判断你这众多的子民呢?”

    所罗门因为求这些事,就蒙主的喜悦。  神对他说:“因为你求这事,不为自己求长寿,不为自己求财富,也不求你仇敌的性命,单单为自己求聪明可以明辨是非公平,  我就照著你所求的而行;赐给你一个智慧和明辨的心,在你以前没有人像你,在你以後也不会有人像你。 连你所没有求的,我也赐给你,就是财富、尊荣,以至你一生的年日,在列王之中没有一人能像你。  如果你遵行了我的道,谨守我的律例、诫命,正如你父亲大卫所行的,我就必延长你的寿数。”


   出生在公元前848年,卒于公元前976年,享年52岁;所罗门统治了以色列整整四十年;这四十年是以色列历史上的和平强盛时期。他也被称为世界上最有智慧的人。在下面的故事里,就体现出他超人的智慧来判断两个“母亲”的争论:

列王纪上 第三章 1728

  其中一个妇人说:“我主啊,我和这妇人同住;她与我在房子里的时候,我生了一个孩子。 我生了孩子以後的第叁天,这妇人也生了一个孩子。我们都住在一起。除了我们两个人在房子里以外,再没有别人与我们一起在这房子里。 夜间,这妇人睡觉的时候,压死了她的孩子。 她却在半夜,趁著婢女睡著的时候,起来,从我身旁把儿子抱去,放在她的怀里;又把她死了的儿子放在我的怀里。 第二天早上我起来,要给我的儿子吃奶的时候,发觉他死了。那天早晨我再仔细察看,发觉他并不是我所生的儿子!” 那一个妇人说:“不!活的儿子是我的,死的儿子才是你的。”但这一个妇人说:“不!死的儿子是你的,活的儿子才是我的。”她们在王面前彼此争辩。

  王说:“这个妇人说:‘活的儿子是我的,死的儿子才是你的’,那个妇人却说:‘不!死的儿子是你的,活的儿子才是我的。’” 王就吩咐:“给我拿一把刀来!”人就把刀带到王面前。 王说:“把活的孩子劈成两半,一半给这个妇人,一半给那个妇人。”  那活孩子的母亲因为爱子心切,就对王说:“我主啊,把那活的孩子给她吧,千万不可杀死他!”另一个妇人却说:“这孩子也不归我,也不归你,把他劈开吧!” 王回答说:“把活孩子给这个妇人,千万不可杀死他,这个妇人实在是他的母亲。” 以色列众人听见王判断的这案件,就都敬畏他,因为看见他心里有 神的智慧,能够判案。





















讨论问题:
  1. 如果上帝要赐给你一个恩典,你会选择什么?为什么?
  2. 你觉得所罗门皇帝为什么会选择“智慧”?
  3. 你是不是觉得所罗门会要把那孩子切成两半?
  4. 为什么他的判断是正确的?
  5. 从所罗门王的身上我们有什么地方可以学习的?

Solomon, the third king of Israel, was the son of King David and Bathsheba. He is considered one of the greatest leaders of Israel -- renowned for his wisdom, wealth and building projects. He also penned a number of books in the Bible -- the Song of Songs, the Book of Proverbs, and the Book of Ecclesiastes. Under Solomon, Israel enjoyed an era of security, and political and economic importance internationally.

At the age of 12, Solomon was anointed king when his older brother, Adonijah, tried to proclaim himself ruler when their father, King David, became old. Bathsheba and the prophet Nathan, along with the support of others, helped King David anoint Solomon king.

I King 2:1 - 4

            When the time drew near for David to die, he gave a charge to Solomon his son.

            "I am about to go the way of all the earth," he said. "So be strong, show yourself a man,  and observe what the LORD your God requires: Walk in his ways, and keep his decrees and commands, his laws and requirements, as written in the Law of Moses, so that you may prosper in all you do and wherever you go,  and that the LORD may keep his promise to me: 'If your descendants watch how they live, and if they walk faithfully before me with all their heart and soul, you will never fail to have a man on the throne of Israel.'                                                                      

 

Solomon Asks for Wisdom

I King 3:5 - 14

 At Gibeon the LORD appeared to Solomon during the night in a dream, and God said, "Ask for whatever you want me to give you."

Solomon answered, "You have shown great kindness to your servant, my father David, because he was faithful to you and righteous and upright in heart. You have continued this great kindness to him and have given him a son to sit on his throne this very day.

 "Now, O LORD my God, you have made your servant king in place of my father David. But I am only a little child and do not know how to carry out my duties.  Your servant is here among the people you have chosen, a great people, too numerous to count or number.  So give your servant a discerning heart to govern your people and to distinguish between right and wrong.  For who is able to govern this great people of yours?"

 The Lord was pleased that Solomon had asked for this.  So God said to him, "Since you have asked for this and not for long life or wealth for yourself, nor have asked for the death of your enemies but for discernment in administering justice,  I will do what you have asked. I will give you a wise and discerning heart, so that there will never have been anyone like you, nor will there ever be. Moreover, I will give you what you have not asked for—both riches and honor—so that in your lifetime you will have no equal among kings.  And if you walk in my ways and obey my statutes and commands as David your father did, I will give you a long life."                   

Born in 848 BCE, and died at age 52 in 796 BCE, Solomon ruled as king of Israel for 40 years -- the best years in all of Israel's history -- years of peace and great prosperity.  He is known as the "wisest of all the men." His wisdom is demonstrated when two mothers came before him.

I King 3: 17 – 28  

One of them said, "My lord, this woman and I live in the same house. I had a baby while she was there with me.  The third day after my child was born, this woman also had a baby. We were alone; there was no one in the house but the two of us.

 "During the night this woman's son died because she lay on him.  So she got up in the middle of the night and took my son from my side while I your servant was asleep. She put him by her breast and put her dead son by my breast.  The next morning, I got up to nurse my son—and he was dead! But when I looked at him closely in the morning light, I saw that it wasn't the son I had borne."

            The other woman said, "No! The living one is my son; the dead one is yours."
But the first one insisted, "No! The dead one is yours; the living one is mine." And so they argued before the king.

 The king said, "This one says, 'My son is alive and your son is dead,' while that one says, 'No! Your son is dead and mine is alive.' "

 Then the king said, "Bring me a sword." So they brought a sword for the king.  He then gave an order: "Cut the living child in two and give half to one and half to the other."

The woman whose son was alive was filled with compassion for her son and said to the king, "Please, my lord, give her the living baby! Don't kill him!"
But the other said, "Neither I nor you shall have him. Cut him in two!"

 Then the king gave his ruling: "Give the living baby to the first woman. Do not kill him; she is his mother."

When all Israel heard the verdict the king had given, they held the king in awe, because they saw that he had wisdom from God to administer justice.         

Discussion Questions:
  1. If God will grant you any gift, what would you choose to have? Why?
  2. Why do you think King Solomon chose wisdom?
  3. Do you really think King Solomon would cut the baby in half?
  4. Why was his solution perfect?
  5. What lesson(s) can we learn from King Solomon?


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