Genesis 3 创世纪 第三章


创世纪 第三章

新译本

在耶和华上帝所造野地所有的活物中,蛇是最狡猾的。蛇对女人说:上帝真的说过,你们不可吃园中任何树上的果子吗?

女人对蛇说:园中树上的果子,我们都可以吃;只有园中那棵树上的果子,上帝曾经说过:你们不可吃,也不可摸,免得你们死。’”

蛇对女人说:你们决不会死;因为上帝知道你们吃那果子的时候,你们的眼睛就开了;你们会像上帝一样,能知道善恶。

于是,女人见那棵树的果子好作食物,又悦人的眼目,而且讨人喜爱,能使人有智慧,就摘下果子来吃了;又给了和她在一起的丈夫,他也吃了。二人的眼睛就开了,才知道自己是赤身露体的。于是把无花果树的叶子编缝起来,为自己做裙子。

天起凉风的时候,那人和他的妻子听见耶和华上帝在园中行走的声音,就藏在园子的树林中,躲避耶和华上帝的面。

 

耶和华上帝呼唤那人,对他说:你在哪里?他回答:我在园中听见你的声音,就害怕;因为我赤身露体,就藏了起来。耶和华上帝说:谁告诉你,你是赤身露体呢?难道你吃了我吩咐你不可吃的那树上的果子吗?那人说:你所赐给我、和我在一起的那女人,她把树上的果子给我,我就吃了。耶和华上帝对女人说:你作了什么事呢?女人说:那蛇欺哄我,我就吃了。

 

耶和华上帝对蛇说:因为你作了这事,就必在所有的牲畜和田野的活物中受咒诅;你要用肚子行走,一生都吃泥土。我要使你和女人彼此为仇,你的后裔和女人的后裔,也彼此为仇,女人的后裔要伤你的头,你要伤他的脚跟。

耶和华上帝对女人说:我要大大增加你怀胎的痛苦,你必在痛苦中生产儿女;你要恋慕你的丈夫,他却要管辖你。

耶和华上帝又对亚当说:因为你听从了你妻子的话,吃了我吩咐你不可吃的那树上的果子;地就必因你的缘故受咒诅;你必终生劳苦,才能从地里得吃的。地要给你长出荆棘和蒺藜来;你也要吃田间的蔬菜;你必汗流满面,才有饭吃,直到你归回地土,因为你是从地土取出来的;你既然是尘土,就要归回尘土。

 

亚当给他的妻子起名叫夏娃,因为她是众生之母。

耶和华上帝为亚当和他的妻子做了皮衣,给他们穿上。

耶和华上帝说:那人和我们中间的一个相似,能知善恶;现在恐怕他伸出手来,摘取生命树上的果子吃,就永远活着。

耶和华上帝就把他赶出伊甸园,去耕种他自己也是从那里出来的地土。于是把亚当驱逐出去,又派基路伯在伊甸园的东边,拿着旋转发火焰的剑,把守到生命树去的路。




讨论问题

1)  你是否曾经听到过这个故事(有关亚当和夏娃,人类始祖的堕落)?你是在哪里听到的?

2) 故事里的蛇是代表什么?

3) 那蛇是如何欺骗那个女人的?

4) 当亚当和夏娃吃了耶和华上帝禁止他们的果子以后,在听到耶和华上帝呼叫他们的时候,他们怎么做了?

5) 亚当和夏娃是不是承认这是他们自己的过错?

6) 什么是圣经里的“罪”?

7) 蛇犯罪的后果是什么?夏娃犯罪的后果又是什么呢?亚当的呢?

8)  在耶和华上帝把这对男女赶出伊甸园之后,上帝做了些什么来防止他们来吃生命树上的果子的?

9)   从这个故事里,你觉得人是怎么样的?

10)从这个故事里,你觉得上帝是怎样的呢



Genesis 3

Contemporary English Version (CEV)

The snake was sneakier than any of the other wild animals that the Lord God had made. One day it came to the woman and asked, “Did God tell you not to eat fruit from any tree in the garden?”

The woman answered, “God said we could eat fruit from any tree in the garden, except the one in the middle. He told us not to eat fruit from that tree or even to touch it. If we do, we will die.”

“No, you won’t!” the snake replied.  “God understands what will happen on the day you eat fruit from that tree. You will see what you have done, and you will know the difference between right and wrong, just as God does.”

The woman stared at the fruit. It looked beautiful and tasty. She wanted the wisdom that it would give her, and she ate some of the fruit. Her husband was there with her, so she gave some to him, and he ate it too. Right away they saw what they had done, and they realized they were naked. Then they sewed fig leaves together to make something to cover themselves.

Late in the afternoon a breeze began to blow, and the man and woman heard the Lord God walking in the garden. They were frightened and hid behind some trees.


The Lord called out to the man and asked, “Where are you?”


The man answered, “I was naked, and when I heard you walking through the garden, I was frightened and hid!”


“How did you know you were naked?” God asked. “Did you eat any fruit from that tree in the middle of the garden?”


“It was the woman you put here with me,” the man said. “She gave me some of the fruit, and I ate it.”


The Lord God then asked the woman, “What have you done?”


“The snake tricked me,” she answered. “And I ate some of that fruit.”


So the Lord God said to the snake:

“Because of what you have done, you will be the only animal to suffer this curse—For as long as you live, you will crawl on your stomach and eat dirt.

You and this woman will hate each other;
your descendants and hers will always be enemies. One of hers will strike you on the head, and you will strike him on the heel.”

Then the Lord said to the woman, “You will suffer terribly when you give birth.  But you will still desire your husband, and he will rule over you.”

The Lord said to the man, “You listened to your wife and ate fruit from that tree.  And so, the ground will be under a curse because of what you did. As long as you live, you will have to struggle to grow enough food.  Your food will be plants, but the ground will produce thorns and thistles.

You will have to sweat to earn a living;
you were made out of soil, and you will once again turn into soil.”

The man Adam named his wife Eve because she would become the mother of all who live.

Then the Lord God made clothes out of animal skins for the man and his wife.

The Lord said, “These people now know the difference between right and wrong, just as we do. But they must not be allowed to eat fruit from the tree that lets them live forever.”  So the Lord God sent them out of the Garden of Eden, where they would have to work the ground from which the man had been made. Then God put winged creatures at the entrance to the garden and a flaming, flashing sword to guard the way to the life-giving tree.


Discussion Questions

1)     Have you heard of this story before (Adam and Eve -- Fall of man)?  Where did you hear it?

2)     Who does the snake in the story represent?

3)     How does the snake trick the woman?

4)     What did Adam and Eve do when they heard the voice of the LORD God after they ate the fruit that was forbidden by Him?

5)     Did Adam and Eve take responsibility for their actions?

6)     What is sin?

7)     What are the results of the snake’s sin, Eve’s sin, and Adam’s sin?

8)     After God drove the man and woman out of the garden of Eden what did God do to prevent man from partaking of the tree of life?

9)    What have you learned about man in this story?  

10)   What have you learned about God in this story?


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