5 + 1 Most Influential Chinese Filmmakers 中国最有影响力的 5 + 1 位电影制作者

随着中国电影业的快速商业化和工业化,电影制片人的知名度,影响力和商业价值在过去几年中也可能发生了变化。


专注于电影行业新闻的中国微信社交媒体帐户,“一起拍电影”,最近发布了中国前100名电影制片人的名单,该名单基于2005年以来发行的电影总票房,以及前五部电影的平均得分来自主要电影评级网站的信息,以及电影制片人及其电影的媒体报道。


1.    周星驰

现年55岁的香港电影制片人周星驰,是2001年上映的《少林足球》和2004年的《功夫喧嚣》的明星和导演。

这两部电影都结合了功夫和他标志性的闹剧幽默,这种幽默在粤语中被称为“ mo lei tou”,或“无意义” – 在西方被称为“傻话”。这些电影包括令人惊讶和不协调的元素,例如不合逻辑的模仿和突然,奇怪的对话和动作。

他还共同撰写并执导了2016年的幻想浪漫喜剧《美人鱼》,讲述的是一位商人爱上了被刺杀的美人鱼,这是仅次于《狼人战士2》的中国大陆票房第二高的电影。


2.    徐克

这位出生于越南的中国电影导演曾在十几岁时移居香港,以其史诗般的武术动作片而闻名,其中包括1991年的《曾几何时》在中国,李连杰主演,2005年的《七剑》由甄子丹主演,以及2014年的《夺取老虎山》。

曾在美国学习电影的徐克被认为是一位开创性的电影摄制者,是一位振兴香港武术电影的人。

他的工作得到认可,包括在中国金鸡奖中获得2015最佳导演奖,并在今年的亚洲电影奖中获得了2017终身成就奖。


3,    李安

出生于台湾的李安也在美国学习电影,他凭借其2005年的爱情剧《断背山》(Brokeback Mountain)赢得了美国奥斯卡金像奖最佳导演的首位亚洲冠军。他凭借幻想剧《 Life of Pi》在2013年获得了奥斯卡第二名最佳导演奖。他执导了许多不同类型的电影,包括2007年的浪漫惊悚片《欲望》,《小心》,2000年的奇幻动作片《卧虎藏龙》,《暗龙》,以及两部早期的成功影片-都是喜剧片,分别是1994年的《 Eat Drink Man Woman》和1993年的《婚礼宴会》。


4.    江文

这位中国演员和导演因在电影《星球大战》,幻想前传,《侠盗一号:星球大战外传》中扮演巴兹·马尔布斯,以及与张艺谋的巩俐共同出演1986电影《红高粱》,而在西方电影观众中广为人知。 

作为导演,他以对工艺的热爱著称,而不是过多地考虑自己对电影的商业成功。他肯定会凭借他在2010年代制作的大型预算动作喜剧《让子弹飞》取得票房成功,该喜剧于1920年代在中国上映,让他与周润发一起出演。这部电影获得了2012年亚洲电影大奖,成为年度最卖座的亚洲电影。


5.    冯小刚

这位出生于北京的导演在他的作品中获得了票房和成功的双重好评,但是他不惧怕通过选择电影的题材来挑战商业主义。

在屡获殊荣的2016年喜剧电视连续剧《我不是夫人》中,他的镜头背后的作品使他在当年的台湾金马奖颁奖典礼上被提名为最佳导演。他还因2008年的喜剧电视剧《非诚勿扰》而闻名,由尤戈和齐舒主演,其续集《非诚勿扰2》。


6.    张艺谋

这位资深导演参与了由马特·达蒙(Matt Damon)主演的2016年怪物电影《长城》(The Great Wall),以及由克里斯蒂安·贝尔(Christian Bale)主演的2011年历史剧《战争之花》(The Flowers of War)。

他的国内热门影片包括由李连杰主演的2002年动作冒险英雄,由匕首之屋,与肯史夏武,刘德华和张子怡主演的电影,以及由周润发和巩俐主演的《金花的诅咒》。

他也曾在龚刚(Gong)的带领下取得了一系列的早期成功,包括他的处女作,1987年的《红高粱》,1990年的《豆豆》,1991年的《红灯笼高高挂》和1992年的《剧情》。在喜剧冒险奇幻作品《兵马俑》中,张还作为不朽的士兵出现在镜头前,与当时的伴侣龚对面。他反复出现的主题之一是面对困境和逆境,中国人民的韧性。


除电影外,张还主持了2008年北京奥运会的开幕式和闭幕式。他的许多荣誉包括因在2010年对亚洲电影的杰出贡献而获得的亚洲电影奖,以及在夏威夷国际电影节上获得的2005年终身成就奖。


讨论问题:

  1. 您对本文有什么兴趣?

  2. 您听说过这些导演吗?如果是,您听到了什么或最喜欢的一个?

  3. 您认为是谁使电影成功了,导演还是演员?

  4. 如果要执导电影,您将执导哪种类型的电影,动作片,喜剧片,浪漫片或恐怖片?为什么?





www.salt-and-light.org/Audio/Filmmakers.mp3

Along with the rapid commercialisation and industrialisation of China’s film industry, the popularity, influence, and commercial value of a filmmaker may have also changed over the past a few years.


The Chinese WeChat social media account, Yiqipaidianying, which focuses on film industry news, recently published a list of the top 100 filmmakers in China, based on the total box office takings of their films released since 2005, the average scores of their top five films from major film rating websites, and the media coverage the filmmakers and their films received.


1. Stephen Chow

Award-winning Hong Kong filmmaker Chow, 55, is best known around the world as the star and director of the hit action comedies Shaolin Soccer, released in 2001, and 2004’s Kung Fu Hustle.


Both these films combine kung fu and his trademark slapstick humour, known in Cantonese as mo lei tou, or “nonsensical” – a genre dubbed as “silly talk” in the West. These films includes surprise and incongruous elements, such as illogical parodies and sudden, strange dialogue and action.


He also co-wrote and directed the 2016 fantasy romantic comedy The Mermaid, about a businessman who falls in love with a mermaid who is sent to assassinate him, which is the second-highest grossing film in mainland China after Wolf Warrior 2.


2. Tsui Hark

The Vietnamese-born Chinese film director, who moved to Hong Kong as a teenager, is best known for his epic, martial arts action films, including 1991’s Once Upon a Time in China, starring Jet Li, 2005’s Seven Swords starring Donnie Yen, and 2014’s The Taking of Tiger Mountain.

Tsui, who studied film in the US, is regarded as a pioneering filmmaker and someone who helped to revitalise Hong Kong martial art movies.

He has been recognised for his work, including winning 2015’s best director award at China’s Golden Rooster Awards and a 2017 lifetime achievement award at this year’s Asian Film Awards.


3. Ang Lee

Taiwanese-born Lee, who also studied film in the US, is the first Asian winner of the American Academy Award for best director for his 2005 romantic drama Brokeback Mountain. He won his second best director Oscar in 2013 for the fantasy drama, Life of Pi. He has directed a great range of different types of films, including 2007’s romantic thriller Lust, Caution, 2000’s fantasy action drama Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon, and two early successes – both comedy dramas – 1994’s Eat Drink Man Woman, and 1993’s The Wedding Banquet.


4. Jiang Wen

The Chinese actor-director is best known to Western film-goers for his acting as Baze Malbus in the Star Wars sci-fi, fantasy prequel, Rogue One: A Star Wars Story, and for co-starring with Gong Li in Zhang Yimou’s1986 film Red Sorghum.


As a director, he is known for his devotion to his craft, rather than concerning himself too much about the commercial success of his films. He certainly enjoyed box-office success with his big-budget 2010 action comedy, Let The Bullets Fly, set in 1920s China, which saw him star alongside Chow Yun-fat; the film won the 2012 Asian Film Award as the year’s top-grossing Asian film.



5. Feng Xiaogang

The Beijing-born director has enjoyed both box-office and critical success with his work, but is not afraid to challenge commercialism with the choice of subjects for his film.

His work behind the camera on the multi-award-winning 2016 comedy drama, I Am Not Madame Bovary, saw him named best director at that year’s Taiwan’s Golden Horse Film Awards. He is also known for the hit 2008 comedy drama, If You Are The One, starring You Ge and Qi Shu, and its sequel, If You Are The One 2.


6. Zhang Yimou

The veteran director worked on the 2016 monster film, The Great Wall, starring Matt Damon, the 2011 historical drama, The Flowers of War, starring Christian Bale.


His domestic hits include the 2002 action adventure Hero, starring Jet Li, House Of Flying Daggers, with Takeshi Kaneshire, Andy Lau and Zhang Ziyi, and Curse Of The Golden Flower, starring Chow Yun-fat and Gong Li.


He enjoyed a string of early successes, too, starring Gong, including his debut, 1987’s Red Sorghum, 1990’s Ju Dou, 1991’s Raise The Red Lantern and 1992’s The Story Of Qui Ju. Zhang also appeared in front of the camera as an immortal soldier, opposite his then partner, Gong, in the comedy adventure fantasy A Terracotta Warrior. One of his recurrent themes has been the resilience of Chinese people in the face of hardship and adversity.


Away from film, Zhang directed the opening and closing ceremonies of the 2008 Beijing Olympics. His many honours include the Asian Film Awards for his outstanding contribution to Asian cinema in 2010, and the 2005 lifetime achievement award at the Hawaii International Film Festival.

 by Melissa Ko, October 26, 2017


Discussion questions:

  1. What was interesting to you from this article?

  2. Have you heard of these directors? If yes, what have you heard or is there a favorite one for you?

  3. Who do you think makes a film successful, the director or the actors?

  4. If you were to direct a movie, what type of film would you direct, action, comedy, romance or horror? Why?

Comments