David and Goliath 大卫和歌利亚

很久以前,非利士人和以色列人发生了战争。非利士人占领了一个山头,而以色列人占据了对面的一个山头,而在这两个山头中间的,就是以拉山谷。

以色列人是上帝的选民,但是非利士人有一个秘密武器 - 就是他们有一个名字叫歌利亚的巨人和勇士,他也是非利士人的英雄和自豪。歌利亚身高2.74米,他上身穿戴的盔甲重68公斤,腿上穿着用铜做的保护,手中拿着长矛。这个长矛的矛头就有近10公斤重。看来只有特别强壮的斗士才有可能与如此防备和武装的巨人作战。

因为歌利亚是那么的高大、令人畏惧,所以他就很狂妄。他站在他们自己的山头上,对以色列人骂阵,喊叫说:“你们不是准备好了要来打仗的吗?难道我不是非利士人吗?难道你们不是扫罗手下的以色列军队吗?我在这里等你们出来。你们派一个人下来与我战斗,如果你们的人把我杀死,我们非利士人就作你们的奴仆;但是如果我获胜,而且杀了你们派出来的人,你们以色列人就要作我们的奴仆!”歌利亚连续40天,日日夜夜地在以色列人面前骂阵。

面对歌利亚这样一个巨人,扫罗皇和所有的以色列人都害怕的要死,因为没有一个人愿意独自与歌利亚打斗,甚至连以色列的皇帝扫罗也胆战心惊、度日如年,不知道该怎么办。

当时,有一个人名叫耶西,他有八个儿子,其中三个年长的孩子都已经在扫罗手下当兵了,而他最小的儿子大卫在家牧羊。少年牧羊人大卫脸色光红,容貌俊美。

一天耶西对大卫说,“你到军队去看看你的哥哥们,带点烤玉米和十条面包给他们,也给他们的领导送十个奶酪饼。好回来告诉我,他们过得怎样了。”

因此,大卫一早就起身,把羊群交给一个人看守,按他父亲所吩咐的,来到了以拉山谷。当他来到那个地方的时候,又是非利士人与以色列人对阵的时候。虽然驾车的人不愿下车,大卫却就从车上下来,跑到以色列军队那里,向他的哥哥们问候、致敬。当他们兄弟间在谈话的时候,歌利亚又开始骂阵,挑战说要以色列人派人出来迎战。大卫仔细地听了歌利亚的话,但是以色列的战士们却是非常害怕,逃之夭夭了。这是多么可悲的场面啊!

等骂阵完了以后,战士们对大卫说,“你有没有看到那个出来骂阵的非利士人?他的名字叫歌利亚。他来向以色列挑战。以色列皇帝扫罗说,如果有人把歌利亚杀死,他就可以得到一大笔钱财,皇帝还要把自己的女儿嫁给他,而且他全家将永远免缴所有的税。”

大卫却在沉思那些话语。他就问,“我们该怎样把这个非利士人歌利亚杀死,除掉以色列人的羞辱呢?这个未受割礼的非利士人竟敢向永生上帝的军队挑战?!他以为他是谁啊!”大卫深知上帝在以色列人这一边,他们不应该惧怕歌利亚这样一个人,因为上帝可以轻而易举地解决这个问题。

人们回答大卫说,“我们已经告诉你了,把歌利亚杀死有那么多的好处。”

但是当大卫的大哥以利傢听到了大卫所说有关歌利亚的话,就很生气。“你来这里干什么?你是不是把羊都放任在旷野了?我知道你的骄傲和心里的恶意。你来是要看我们打仗的吧!”

大卫回答说,“我做了什么呢?我说的难道没有道理吗?我说的不对吗?”大卫就转身继续与人谈论关于歌利亚的事。

当大卫的话在军营里传开了以后,有人把他的话也传到扫罗皇那里。扫罗就叫人把大卫找来。当大卫见到扫罗皇的时候,大卫说,“你们都不要再怕了,我要与那个非利士人战斗。”

扫罗皇说,“你是无法与歌利亚战斗的,你那么年轻,而歌利亚是从小就参战,是一个久经沙场的老将。你怎么能行呢?”

大卫回答说,“我为了保护我爸爸的羊群,为了把一只羊从狮子和熊的嘴里救出来,我要与狮子和熊战斗。当野兽来攻击我的时候,我就揪着它的胡子将它打死。我曾经打死过狮子和熊。这个非利士人就会像那些野兽一样,因为他向永生上帝的军队挑战。”

大卫继续说,“那位拯救我脱离狮子和熊爪子的神,也一定会拯救我脱离那个名叫歌利亚的非利士人的手。”

扫罗皇终于被说服了,他说,“去吧,愿神与你同在。”于是,扫罗皇就把自己的盔甲给了大卫,把自己的铜头盔也给大卫戴上,甚至把他自己的宝剑给大卫。但是大卫决定不用这些东西。他说,“穿戴了这些东西,我无法作战,因为我从来没使用过这些东西。”因此,大卫就把扫罗皇给他的东西都脱了,只是带着他平时牧羊的杖,又溪水边找了五块光滑的石卵子放在他牧羊的袋子里,并带上他的弹弓。

战斗的时刻到了,大卫向歌利亚走去,那个非利士人歌利亚也向大卫走过来。在歌利亚前面,还有一个替他拿盾牌的人。但是当歌利亚走近大卫,看到大卫只是一个没给防御的年轻人,就很不以为然。他看了看大卫手中的杖和弹弓,就说,“你以为我是一只狗啊,拿了一根杖来这里?”于是,歌利亚就以他的神的名义来咒诅大卫,并且咆哮“来啊,我让你的身体成为鸟和野兽的食物!”

但是大卫靠着上帝而壮胆,对歌利亚骂阵说:

“你来攻击我是靠着刀、矛和你的盾牌;但是我来是靠着以色列上帝的名义,我的神是战无不胜的神!

我的上帝要把你交在我的手中;我要彻底击败你,我必杀死你,斩下你的头,而且我要把非利士军兵的尸体让空中的鸟和地上的野兽来吃,让世上的人都知道以色列的上帝!

也让大家知道,上帝不是靠刀和矛来打胜仗,因为上帝是决定战争的胜败,上帝一定把你交在我的手里!”

听了这些话,歌利亚满脸通红生气之极,向大卫冲了过来。但是大卫已经做了准备,因为他的上帝与他同在,他就向歌利亚跑去,而且他已经想好了作战方法。大卫把手放到他的牧羊袋子里,拿出一块石卵子。再把石卵子放在他的弹弓上,射向歌利亚,正好击中歌利亚的前额,石卵子直接进入了他的头。歌利亚立时扑倒在地。大卫杀死这个巨人勇士,只是用了他的弹弓和石卵子!于是,大卫跑上去,站在歌利亚上面,抽出歌利亚的刀,斩了歌利亚的头。

当非利士人看到他们的英雄被杀死,就溃不成军;而以色列军队就追捕他们击杀他们。战后,以色列军兵得到很多战利品。大卫把歌利亚的头拿到以色列的首都耶路撒冷,而且把歌利亚的盔甲保留了下来。

扫罗皇极其赞赏大卫的勇敢,就把大卫留在皇宫里了。


讨论问题:

1. 为什么大卫的爸爸耶西把大卫送到战场?

2. 当大卫到前线的时候,他看到了什么?

3. 在扫罗的军队里,战士们怕什么?

4. 你会怎样来描述大卫?

5. 你觉得大卫为什么那么有信心感到可以击败歌利亚?

6. 当歌利亚看到大卫出来,歌利亚是怎么说的?

7. 你生活中需要击败的“歌利亚”是什么?

8. 打消恐惧需要什么?

Many years ago, the Philistines and the Israelites were going to fight each other in a war. The Philistines were on one mountain and the Israelites were on another mountain. The valley of E'-lah was in between them.

The Israelites were God's chosen people, but the Philistines had a secret weapon--his name was Goliath. Goliath was the champion of the Philistines. He was a man who was 9 feet tall! Goliath's coat weighed 150 pounds; he wore brass on his legs for protection and had a spear with a tip that weighed 20 pounds. Only a very strong man could fight with such heavy armor and weaponry.

Because he was such a huge, fearsome man, Goliath was very bold. He stood on the mountain across from the Israelites and cried to the armies of Israel saying, "Why are you out here all ready to have a battle? Am I not a Philistine and aren't you Israelites the servants of Saul? Pick a man from your army and let him come down here to me. I'm ready to fight. If your man can kill me, we Philistines will be your servants. But if I prevail against him, and kill him, you Israelites will be our servants." Goliath kept saying this every morning and every evening for forty days.

King Saul and the rest of the Israelites were scared to death--Goliath was huge! No one wanted to fight Goliath by himself! Even King Saul, the King of Israel, was so afraid and dismayed. What were they going to do?

Now at this time, there was a man named Jesse who had eight sons. His three oldest sons were in King Saul's army. His youngest son, David, lived with his father Jesse and tended the sheep. David was a young shepherd with ruddy cheeks and a comely appearance.

One day Jesse said to David, "Run to the army camp where your brothers are. Give them some roasted corn and ten loaves of bread. And make sure you give these ten cheeses to their captain. While you're there find out how your brothers are faring and bring me word."

So David got up early in the morning and left the sheep with a keeper and went to the valley of Elah as his father had commanded him. When he got there, the Philistines and the Israelites were about to fight. David got out of his carriage and the man who was driving stayed with the carriage. David ran to the Israelite army and saluted his brothers. As he talked with them, Goliath started shouting again and daring someone to fight with him. David heard him. All the soldiers got really scared and fled away running as fast as they could. What a sight that was!

After things had settled down, the soldiers said to David, "Did you see that man that came up here? His name is Goliath. He is defying Israel. If any man kills Goliath, King Saul will give him great riches and will give the man his daughter to marry and will make that man's family free in Israel."

David was thinking hard about this. He asked, "What shall be done to the man that kills this Philistine Goliath and takes away the reproach from Israel? Who is this uncircumcised Philistine that he should defy the armies of the living God? Who does he think he is any way?" David knew that God was on the side of the Israelites and that they shouldn't be afraid of Goliath because God could easily take care of him.

The men responded and said, "Just like we told you, the man that kills Goliath will have those things."

But when David's older brother Eliab heard David talking about Goliath, Eliab got angry. "Why did you come here? And who did you leave those sheep with in the wilderness? I know thy pride and thy naughtiness! You came down here so that you could see the battle!"

David responded saying, "What have I done now? Am I not justified in what I am saying? Am I not right?" David turned and continued talking to the people about Goliath.

When David's words got around the camp, some people told King Saul about David. King Saul sent for David. When David saw the king, he told him, "Don't let anybody be worried any longer, I will go and fight the Philistine."

Saul said, "You can't fight against Goliath for you are young and Goliath is an experienced warrior. Goliath has been a warrior since he was a youth."

David replied, "I kept my father's sheep and there came a lion and a bear and took a lamb out of the flock. I went out after him and hit him and took the lamb out of his mouth. When the animal got up to harm me, I took him by the beard and hit him and killed him. Thy servant has killed both a lion and a bear. And this Philistine is going to be just like one of those animals since he has defied the armies of the living God."

David continued, "The LORD that saved and delivered me out of the claws of the lion and out of the claws of the bear will deliver me out of the hand of this Philistine named Goliath.

Saul was convinced. He said, "Go, and the LORD be with thee." So King Saul put his own personal armor on David, and put a brass helmet on his head. David also put on Saul's sword. But David decided not to wear any of it. He said, "I cannot fight with these things. I've never used them before." So David took it all off. Then he took his staff and chose five smooth stones out of the brook and put them in his shepherd's bag. He also had his slingshot in his hand.

The time had come. David walked toward Goliath the Philistine. Goliath started walking towards David. There was a man in front of Goliath who carried a shield for him. When Goliath got close enough to see David, he got upset because David was just a young person. He looked at David's staff and slingshot and said, "Am I a dog that you come to beat me with sticks?" Goliath began to curse David by his pagan gods. "Come here and I will give your flesh to the birds and other animals," Goliath roared.

But David was bold in the Lord! He said to Goliath,

"You come against me with sword, and spear, and shield: but I come against you in the name of the LORD Almighty, the God of the armies of Israel, whom you have defied.

This day the LORD will hand you over to me, and I’ll strike you down and cut off your head. Today I will give the carcasses of the Philistine army to the birds of the air and the beasts of the earth, and the whole world will know that there is a God in Israel. All those gathered here will know that it is not by sword or spear that the Lord saves: for the battle is the Lord’s, and he will give all of you into our hands.”

Then Goliath was red hot mad! He came towards David. But David was ready because his God was on his side! David RAN straight towards Goliath! David was ready to do some business! David put his hand in his shepherd’s bag and took out a stone and put it in his slingshot. He slung it and hit Goliath right in his forehead and the stone sunk into Goliath head. Goliath fell on face. David killed that mighty warrior with a sling shot! Then David ran, and stood on top of Goliath and took his sword out of it's sheath and cut off Goliath's head.

When the Philistines saw that their champion Goliath was dead, they fled and the Israelites chased them down and wounded them. After the Israelites returned from chasing the Philistines, they took the spoils of the Philistines. David took Goliath's head and brought it to Jerusalem but he kept his armor.

King Saul was so impressed with the bravery of David that he did not let him go home to his father's house.


Discussion Questions:

1.  Why did Jesse, David's father, send David to the battlefield?

2.  What did David see when he got to the front lines?

3.  What was everyone afraid of in Saul's  army?

4.  How would you describe David?

5.  Why do you think David is so confident that he will defeat Goliath?

6.  What did Goliath say when he saw David coming to fight him?

7.  What Goliath need defeating in your life?

8.  What is required to get rid of fear?
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