Lonely Planet's Best in Travel 2014 - top 10 cities - Part 1 2014年全球十个被“孤独星球出版社”推荐的最佳旅游城市 之一

1.   法国  巴黎

焕然一新的城市

巴黎是从新换装了。欧洲那条在最拥挤的城市里挤得水泄不通的路,就是沿着联合国教科文组织所记载的世界著名的塞纳河畔的路,一边原来那1.5公里的高速公路,现在已经增加了人行道和自行车道。另一边引人注目的是有一条崭新的,全长2.5公里的步行街,连接了三号线地铁站和奥萨博物馆。由1800平方米人工岛组成的花园和悠闲地散步的人们,占据了这个曾经是到处堵塞道路。不仅如此,一条金色的飞毯荣冠在众多罗浮宫里新的伊斯兰艺术画廊的顶上。美妙的钟声从巴黎圣母院里九个新仿造中世纪的钟里传出。经过多年的整修,毕加索博物馆将在十七世纪的马雷大厦展出毕加索的作品。巴黎,这个世界上最漂亮的城市,现在显得更美丽了。

2. 古巴 特立尼达

了解她精彩的历史

小巧的特立尼达位于热带植物丛生的艾思卡贝利山脚下和加勒比海边,是联合国教科文组织的世界遗产景点。在那里充满着从19世纪以来的最好的建筑,里面装饰着姆迪卡的天花板、法国的瓷砖地板和卡拉拉的大理石地板。而今年,2014年,是西班牙征服者在这个城市奠基500周年,于是就有很多的节日庆祝活动和文化节目。特立尼达城市的发展是19世纪古巴糖业大爆发的最佳结果。显而易见的是那时的富豪获得了大量从非洲运来的奴隶。由于这个原因,就给特立尼达增添了令人激动而使人向往的非洲和古巴相结合的舞蹈艺术。每天晚上,在舞厅里,由非洲裔人士的社团和他们的传统艺术伴随着克拉维打击乐器,演奏着萨尔萨舞曲,绝对令人陶醉。


3. 南非 开普敦

南非的母亲城市 - 开普敦有了一个赞新的面貌

任何时候访问开普敦都是好时候。近些年来,该城市收到了潮水般的表扬,称赞该市内的自然景色。今年,该城就会变得哼美丽,因为在今年的十二个月里,国际工业设计会授予开普敦世界设计之都的称号。在市内,除了绿色地带的雕塑以外,另外还有一些将要进行的项目和再次重组以前的伍德斯图克和凤聚工业区,那里是时髦的购物者和美食家聚集的地方。整个城市规划的目标是缩小不同市民间的隔阂,如果你在城市里探索地游览一下,或者乘坐市内初创时髦的公共汽车,你就会看到那不完善的城市已经重组了。

 

4. 拉脱维亚 里加

欧洲的文化之都

坐落在欧洲帝国的交界要地,里加城市里写下了欧洲的灿烂历史。多个世纪以来,里加一直是历次战争中的兵家必争之地,一直到铁幕倒塌以后才有了转机。至今经过了二十多年的自由生活,里加也从新进入了她首都的角色,里加也回到了她该有的头衔 - 历史文明波罗的海的基石。最近这几年,时髦新颖的咖啡馆如同野火一样出现在市中心,冒热气的猪排加土豆已经都换成了人们向往的新北欧式美食,而建筑物的外墙从新用石头砌了起来,使之更加灿烂夺目。所有这一些都是为了让里加冠上那个久违了的头衔 - 欧洲文化之都。

 

5. 瑞士  苏黎世

用奶酪换速度

有关苏黎世在2014年的最新消息是什么?哦,就是享受观看世界田径运动员打破记录的乐趣。在八月,苏黎世将举办欧洲田径竞标赛。什么?你是说在苏黎世?这个以男士服装著称,和巨额支票进出的金融都市里真的会有一个出人意料的事情?是的,我们说这将会发生。根据自由化的规则,在处理业余时间上,人们对夜生活的热情与他们在工作时计算的热情一样高涨。由于苏黎世西区工业的衰落,就给夜生活式的享乐主义事业提供了方便。而这个城市湖边也吸引了众多的酗酒者从瑞士各地来到这里,这样就确保了酒神节在这里举行的可能。另外,这里还有诸多的名牌时装店和琳琅满目的精品店,并大量的美食点和精巧的咖啡馆。



讨论问题:

1. 描写一下你所居住城市里有哪些方面是你喜欢的。

2. 在你居住的城市里,有哪些景点是你希望到你那里旅游者应该去参观游览的?

3. 你觉得在这个推荐的城市名单中,还应该把哪些城市加在里面?



1. Paris, France

Urban renaissance


Paris is being reborn. Following a push to reduce the cars clogging one of Europe’s most congested cities, particularly its Unesco World Heritage–listed riverbanks, 1.5km of former expressway on the Seine’s Right Bank now incorporates walkways and cycleways. The pièce de résistance is the Left Bank’s new 2.5km-long car-free zone between the Pont de l’Alma and the Musée d’Orsay; floating gardens on 1800 sq metres of artificial islands and pedestrian promenades breathe new life into the once traffic-choked stretch. And that's not all: a gold ‘flying carpet’ roof crowns the interior courtyard of the Louvre’s new Islamic art galleries. Nine new bells replicating the original medieval chimes ring out from Notre Dame. After years of renovations, the Musée Picasso will again display works inside a 17th-century Marais mansion. The world’s most beautiful city is now even more beautiful.


2. Trinidad, Cuba

Discover a fascinating history


Tiny Trinidad, sloping between the tropical foothills of the Escambray Mountains and the sparkling Caribbean Sea, is a sherbet-tinged, time-trapped Unesco World Heritage Site, bulging with the best of architectural and decorative wealth from the 19th century – Mudéjar ceilings, French porcelain and Carrara marble floors. 2014 marks the 500th anniversary of the city’s foundation by Spanish conquistadors with a series of fiestas and cultural events. Trinidad is the extraordinarily beautiful result of a 19th-century sugar boom. The conspicuous wealth of its sugar barons derives from the captive sweat of imported African slaves. This legacy is what provides Trinidad with a curious thrill: Afro-Cuban dance performances, African brotherhood societies and their rituals, and the hypnotic sound of the percussive clave beat – the rhythmic foundation of salsa – erupting in dance halls every night.


3. Cape Town, South Africa

The Mother City gets a designer facelift


There’s never a bad time to visit Cape Town. In recent years the city has received a deluge of accolades paying homage to its undeniable natural beauty. This year the city is destined to get even prettier as it takes on the title of World Design Capital for 12 inspirational months. Expect sculpture-lined green spaces, sustainable projects, and further regeneration of former industrial districts such as Woodstock and The Fringe, now the stamping ground of trendy shoppers and gourmands. The main goal of the design team, though, is to bridge the gap between Cape Town’s disparate population, so venture on a tour out of town to see how innovation is turning things around in the disadvantaged townships, then explore suburban sights on the swanky bus system that’s finally making Cape Town feasible on public transport.


4. Rīga, Latvia

Europe’s culture capital


Sitting at the crossroads of the great empires that wrote the pages of Europe’s elaborate history, Rīga was – for centuries – a strategic linchpin in the annexation of important lands, until it was smothered into obscurity when the Iron Curtain fell. Today, with two decades of freedom (and a renewed status as Latvia’s capital) under its belt, the city is reclaiming its rightful title as the cosmopolitan cornerstone of the Baltic. Over the past few years hipster-chic cafes have spread like wildfire throughout the city centre, sweaty pork-and-potato dinners have been swapped for savvy new-Nordic-inspired dishes, and hundreds of crumbling facades are being restored to their brilliant, art nouveau lustre – all in time for Rīga to earn the long-deserved honour of being named the European Capital of Culture.

5. Zürich, Switzerland

Swap fondue for speed


What’s hot in Zürich in 2014? Oh, just the chance to see the cream of world athletics breaking another string of records. In August the city hosts the European Athletics Championships. ‘But, Zürich?’, we hear you say. Can a city best known for men in suits and cheques with improbable numbers of zeros really deliver a thrilling city break? We say it can. With the liberalisation of the rules governing opening hours, locals are throwing themselves into nightlife with the same enthusiasm they show for moving decimal points during the day. In the trendy Züri-West district industrial decay has given way to nocturnal hedonism, and the city by the lake has attracted revellers from across Switzerland, ensuring a Bacchanalian edge to proceedings. In addition to famous-name fashion houses and boutiques by the bucketload, the city is awash with fine dining and bijou cafes.

Discussion Question:

1. Describe the qualities you like about the city in which you live.

2. What are some famous city attractions that you would take visitor visiting your city?

3. What cities do you think should be on this list? Why?
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