Lesson 29 第二十九课

God delivered the Israelites at the Red Sea

1.    God led the Israelites by a cloud.

  God delivered the Israelites from slavery.

When God delivered the Israelites from slavery in Egypt, He was showing His almighty power to the Egyptians and to the Israelites.

   God was keeping His promise to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.

God had promised that Abraham's descendants would inherit the land of Canaan. God delivered the Israelites from the land of Egypt, and He planned to take them back to the land He had promised to them, the land where their ancestors had lived.

   God preserved the people of Israel so that the Deliverer would be born into the world.

God had also promised Abraham that one of his descendants would be the Deliverer. The Israelites are the descendants of Abraham. God protected the Israelites while they were in Egypt, and He delivered them from slavery.

   The Lord protected the Israelites because He was entrusting His Word to them to give to the world.

The words of God that we have been studying in the Bible were originally given to the Israelites. God wanted all people in the world to be able to learn the truth about God and come to know Him so He gave the people of Israel His message for all mankind.

   God began leading the Israelites towards the land of Canaan.

The land of Canaan is the land which God had promised to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. It was the land where Jacob and Joseph’s brothers had lived before they went down into Egypt to be with Joseph.

When the Israelites first went into Egypt, there were only seventy of them. When they left Egypt, there were about two-and-a-half million of them.

Read Exodus 13:21-22.

21 By day the Lord went ahead of them in a pillar of cloud. It guided them on their way. At night He led them with a pillar of fire. It gave them light. So they could travel by day or at night. 22 The pillar of cloud didn’t leave its place in front of the people during the day. And the pillar of fire didn’t leave its place at night.

   God directed the Israelites where to go by a pillar of cloud.

God kept the cloud before them at all times. They would have gotten lost in the desert and would have eventually died if the Lord had not directed them. God loved the Israelites, and so He took care of them.

2.    The Israelites camped near the sea.

Read Exodus 14:1-4.

Then the Lord spoke to Moses. 2 He said, “Tell the people of Israel to turn back. Have them camp near Pi Hahiroth between Migdol and the Red Sea. They must camp by the sea, right across from Baal Zephon.3 Pharaoh will think, ‘The people of Israel are wandering around the land. They don’t know which way to go. The desert is all around them.’

4 “I will make Pharaoh’s heart stubborn. He will chase them. But I will gain glory for myself because of what will happen to Pharaoh and his whole army. And the Egyptians will know that I am the Lord.” So the Israelites camped by the Red Sea.

God led the Israelites up to the sea, and they camped near it. This sea is named the Red Sea.

God brought the Israelites to this place because He planned to demonstrate again to them and to the Egyptians that He is the almighty, sovereign God. God was going to show them again that He is greater than all.

God knew what Pharaoh would think and plan. How did God know what Pharaoh would think? God knew because God knows everything that people are going to say or think or do, even before it happens. The Lord was with the Israelites at the Red Sea, and He was also in Egypt. He knew what Pharaoh was planning to do.


3.    Pharaoh decided to recapture the Israelites.

Read Exodus 14:5-9.

5 The king of Egypt was told that the people had gotten away. Then Pharaoh and his officials changed their minds about them. They said, “What have we done? We’ve let the people of Israel go! We’ve lost our slaves and all of the work they used to do for us!”

6 So he had his chariot made ready. He took his army with him. 7 He took 600 of the best chariots in Egypt. He also took along all of the other chariots. Officers were in charge of all of them.

8 The Lord made the heart of Pharaoh, the king of Egypt, stubborn. So he chased the Israelites, who were marching out boldly. 9 The Egyptians went after the Israelites. All of Pharaoh’s horses and chariots and horsemen and troops went after them. They caught up with them as they camped by the sea. The Israelites were near Pi Hahiroth, across from Baal Zephon.

Pharaoh was guided by Satan. He was not going to give up and let the Israelites go. He planned to go after them and recapture them.


4.    The Israelites were afraid, and they blamed Moses.

What do you think the Israelites did when they saw the Egyptians coming after them? Do you think they trusted in the Lord and asked Him to deliver them?
Read Exodus 14:10-12.

10 As Pharaoh approached, the people of Israel looked up. There were the Egyptians marching after them! The Israelites were terrified. They cried out to the Lord.

11 They said to Moses, “Why did you bring us to the desert to die? Weren’t there any graves in Egypt? What have you done to us by bringing us out of Egypt? 12 We told you in Egypt, ‘Leave us alone. Let us serve the Egyptians.’ It would have been better for us to serve the Egyptians than to die here in the desert!”

Even though the Israelites had seen all the great and mighty things the Lord had done in Egypt, they did not trust in the Lord to save them from Pharaoh and his army.
 
Just like the Israelites, people today have to decide if they will believe God. Are you willing to believe God’s Word and trust only in Him even though Satan, the spirits, and maybe some people do not want you to believe?


5.    Moses trusted in the Lord and told the Israelites to believe God.

Read Exodus 14:13-14.

13 Moses answered the people. He said, “Don’t be afraid. Stand firm. You will see how the Lord will save you today. Do you see those Egyptians? You will never see them again. 14 The Lord will fight for you. Just be still.”

Even though the Israelites sinned by not trusting in the Lord, He was merciful and planned to deliver them. They couldn’t deliver themselves. The sea was in front of them, mountains were around them, and their enemies were behind them.

   Only God could save them.

We have already learned that God is the only One who can provide the way for people to be saved.

o  Only God could provide the way for Adam and Eve to be accepted by Him after they had sinned. They could not make things right between them and God, but God provided the way.

o  Only God could provide the way so that Abel could be accepted by God.

o  Only God could save Noah and his family from the flood.

o  Only God could save Isaac when he was tied to the altar and his father had the knife raised above him.

o  Only God could provide the way so the firstborn children of the Israelites could be saved from death.


Likewise, only God could provide the way so the Israelites could escape from the Egyptians at the Red Sea.

   Only God can save sinners!

People cannot provide the way to escape the wrath of God. You cannot make things right between you and God by the things you do. Only God can save you from everlasting punishment. Continue to listen carefully to God’s Word so you will learn the way God has provided to save sinners.

 

6.    God opened the sea.

Read Exodus 14:15-16.

15 Then the Lord spoke to Moses. He said, “Why are you crying out to me? Tell the people of Israel to move on. 16 Hold your wooden staff out. Reach your hand out over the Red Sea to part the water. Then the people can go through the sea on dry ground.

   God created the sea, so He had complete control over it.

In the beginning, when the whole earth was covered with water, the Lord caused the water to move back so there was dry ground. God had not changed He could move the waters of the Red Sea. God is still the same today He has complete control over the whole earth.

   God commanded the Red Sea to move back.

God planned that His people would walk on dry land to the other side. It was not difficult for God to open the sea so that the Israelites could walk through to the other side. The Lord is almighty. Nothing is too hard for Him.


Read Exodus 14:17-18.
17 “I will make the hearts of the Egyptians stubborn. They will go in after the Israelites. I will gain glory for myself because of what will happen to Pharaoh, his whole army, his chariots and his horsemen.

18 “The Egyptians will know that I am the Lord. I will gain glory because of what will happen to all of them.”

The Lord knew that the Egyptians would follow the Israelites into the sea. The Lord planned to destroy Pharaoh’s army in the sea.

 

7.    God led the Israelites through the sea.

Read Exodus 14:19-22.
19 The angel of God had been traveling in front of Israel’s army. Now he moved back and went behind them. The pillar of cloud also moved away from in front of them. Now it stood behind them. 20 It came between the armies of Egypt and Israel. All through the night the cloud brought darkness to one side and light to the other. Neither army went near the other all night long.

21 Then Moses reached his hand out over the Red Sea. All that night the Lord pushed the sea back with a strong east wind. He turned the sea into dry land. The waters were parted. 22 The people of Israel went through the sea on dry ground. There was a wall of water on their right side and on their left.


The Lord did not forsake His people. He promised to lead them safely out of Egypt and into the land He had promised to Abraham. The Lord guided the Israelites into the path which He had made through the sea.

The Lord moved the cloud that was leading the Israelites and placed it between them and the Egyptians. Behind the Israelites, the cloud was bright and shining like a large fire, giving light so the Israelites could see where they were going. Before the Egyptians, however, the cloud was black. There was only darkness in front of them. Nevertheless, the Egyptians continued to follow the path that God had made through the sea.


8.    God drowned the Egyptian army in the sea.

Read Exodus 14:26-29.

26 Then the Lord spoke to Moses. He said, “Reach your hand out over the sea. The waters will flow back over the Egyptians and their chariots and horsemen.” 27 So Moses reached his hand out over the sea. At sunrise the sea went back to its place. The Egyptians tried to run away from the sea. But the Lord swept them into it.28 The water flowed back and covered the chariots and horsemen. It covered the entire army of Pharaoh that had followed the people of Israel into the sea. Not one of the Egyptians was left.

29 But the Israelites went through the sea on dry ground. There was a wall of water on their right side and on their left.

   The Egyptian army was drowned by God in the sea.

No one can fight against God and succeed. He punishes all those who fight against Him, but He is merciful to all those who believe His Word and come to Him in the way He says.

Read Exodus 14:30.

That day the Lord saved Israel from the power of Egypt. Israel saw the Egyptians lying dead on the shore.

   The Lord protected all of the Israelites.

Not one of them was drowned, and the Egyptians did not catch any of them. The Lord saved them because of His love for them and because He had promised to save them.

Read Exodus 14:31.

The Israelites saw the great power the Lord showed against the Egyptians. So they had respect for the Lord.They put their trust in Him and in His servant Moses.

When the Israelites saw the great things which the Lord did, they believed in Him.

   God tells us to believe His Word and to trust in Him.

Some people say they will only believe if they can see God do some great and wonderful thing. But God has not promised that He will do great miracles so that people will believe. If we refuse to believe what He has written in His Word, then we will be separated from God forever when we die and we will go to everlasting punishment.