Lesson 27 第二十七课

Lesson 27

The Lord sent plagues on the Egyptians.

1.   Moses and Aaron went to Egypt together.

Read Exodus 4:27-29.

27 The Lord said to Aaron, “Go into the desert to see Moses.” So he greeted Moses at the mountain of God and kissed him.

28 Then Moses told Aaron everything the Lord had sent him to say. He also told him about all of the miraculous signs he had commanded him to do.

29 Moses and Aaron gathered all of the elders of Israel together.

The Lord sent Aaron to meet his brother, Moses. God had promised Moses that Aaron would assist him in demanding the release of the Israelites from the king of Egypt.

Moses and Aaron went back to Egypt. They called together their own people, the Israelites, and told them what the Lord had said to Moses.

2.    The Israelites believed that the Lord sent Moses.

Read Exodus 4:30-31.

30 Aaron told them everything the Lord had said to Moses. He also did the miracles in the sight of the people.

31 And they believed. They heard that the Lord was concerned about them. He had seen their suffering. So they bowed down and worshiped him.

The Israelites believed God’s Word given through Moses. They were thankful that the Lord had heard their cries for deliverance.

The Israelites were wise to listen to and believe God’s message given through Moses. When people don’t believe the Word of God, they are showing that they think God is a liar. The Lord is unable to help those who refuse to believe His Word.

3.    Pharaoh refused to obey Gods command given through Moses and Aaron.

Read Exodus 5:1-2.

Later on, Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh. They said, “The Lord is the God of Israel. He says, ‘Let my people go. Then they will be able to hold a feast in my honor in the desert.’”

Pharaoh said, “Who is the Lord? Why should I obey him? Why should I let Israel go? I don’t even know the Lord. And I won’t let Israel go.”

God used Moses and Aaron to speak His message to the king of Egypt, but the king refused to obey the Lord’s command to let the people of Israel go.

Pharaoh did not know the only true and living God.

   The Egyptians worshiped the things that God had created instead of the Creator of the whole earth.

The Egyptians worshiped the Nile River, which is the largest river in their country. They also worshiped the sun and moon, as well as many different kinds of animals. In addition, the Egyptians worshiped Pharaoh, their king, as a god. The Egyptians had turned away from the true understanding of God, and they worshiped many false gods.

   When people don’t want to know God, He allows them to worship things that are false gods.

When people deliberately turn away from the true knowledge of God, they become foolish in their understanding about God.

Your ancestors and my ancestors also turned away from the true understanding of God. Satan led them to worship things which are false gods, and he controlled them through fear of the spirits.

   The truth about God is in the Bible which God gave through the Israelites.

Because most people in the world had turned away from the true understanding of God, God chose Abraham and his descendants, so that, through them, He could preserve the true knowledge of God. Through Abraham’s descendants, God planned to make known the truth to all other people of the world.

God would have taught the king of Egypt that the gods he and his people worshiped were false and that the God of the Israelites is the only true and living God, but this king refused to listen to God’s message through Moses.

I hope that none of you will take the same attitude as the foolish king of Egypt. I hope you will continue to listen to God’s message in the Bible.

4.    Through Pharaoh’s rebellion, the Lord planned to show the Israelites that He was their God.

Read Exodus 6:1-8.

Then the Lord spoke to Moses. He said, “Now you will see what I will do to Pharaoh. Because of my powerful hand, he will let the people of Israel go. Because of my mighty hand, he will drive them out of his country.”

God continued, “I am the Lord. I appeared to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob as the Mighty God. But I did not show them the full meaning of my name, The Lord.

“I also made my covenant with them. I promised to give them the land of Canaan. That is where they lived as outsiders. Also, I have heard the groans of the Israelites. The Egyptians are keeping them as slaves. But I have remembered my covenant.

“So tell the people of Israel, ‘I am the Lord. I will throw off the heavy load the Egyptians have put on your shoulders. I will set you free from being slaves to them. I will reach out my arm and save you with mighty acts when I judge Egypt.

“‘I will take you to be my own people. I will be your God. You will know that I am the Lord your God when I throw off the load the Egyptians have put on your shoulders.

“‘I will bring you to the land I promised with an oath to give to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. I lifted up my hand and promised it to them. The land will belong to you. I am the Lord.’”

The generation of Israelites living in Egypt when Moses returned there had heard about the Lord and what He had done for Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and Joseph, but they had never personally experienced the Lord’s greatness and power. The Lord was going to use this wicked king and his rebellion to display His power and wisdom to this generation of Israelites. God planned to show them that He was still almighty and that He cared about them. God wanted them to know that the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob was also their God.

5.    Through Pharaoh’s rebellion, the Lord planned to show the Egyptians that He alone was the true and living God.

Do you think God was surprised when the king of Egypt refused to obey Him? No! God was not surprised. He knew what the king would say and do. When God talked with Moses from the burning bush, He had told Moses that the king would not let the Israelites go.

Because Pharaoh was determined to fight against God, God planned to use this proud and wicked king to display His mighty power. God was going to show the Israelites and the Egyptians that He is the true and living God and that He has power over the whole earth. God was also going to show them that all who rebel against Him will suffer terrible judgment.

Read Exodus 7:4-5.

In spite of that, he will not listen to you. So I will use my powerful hand against Egypt. When I judge them with mighty acts, I will bring my people Israel out like an army on the march.

“Then the Egyptians will know that I am the Lord. I will reach out my powerful hand against Egypt. I will bring the people of Israel out of it.”

No one who ignores God or fights against Him can escape from God's punishment. Pharaoh could not fight against God and win, and people today cannot fight against God and win.

6.    The Lord sent nine plagues on the Egyptians

Because the king of Egypt refused to release the Israelites, the Lord began to show His great power by sending plagues on the Egyptians.

   The Lord turned the water in the Nile River into blood.

Read Exodus 7:20-21.

20 Moses and Aaron did exactly as the Lord had commanded them. Aaron held out his staff in front of Pharaoh and his officials. He struck the water of the Nile River. And all of the water turned into blood.

21 The fish in the Nile died. The river smelled so bad the Egyptians couldn’t drink its water. There was blood everywhere in Egypt.

   The Lord sent a plague of frogs.

Read Exodus 8:5-6.

Then the Lord spoke to Moses. He said, “Tell Aaron, ‘Reach your hand out. Hold your staff over the streams, waterways and ponds. Make frogs come up on the land of Egypt.’”

So Aaron reached his hand out over the waters of Egypt. The frogs came up and covered the land.

   The Lord sent lice.

Read Exodus 8:16-17.

16 Then the Lord spoke to Moses. He said, “Tell Aaron, ‘Reach your wooden staff out. Strike the dust on the ground with it.’ Then all over the land of Egypt the dust will turn into gnats.”

17 So they did it. Aaron reached out the staff that was in his hand. He struck the dust on the ground with it. The dust all over the land of Egypt turned into gnats. They landed on people and animals alike.

   The Lord sent flies.

Read Exodus 8:24.

24 So the Lord did it. Huge numbers of flies poured into Pharaoh’s palace. They came into the homes of his officials. All over Egypt the flies destroyed the land.

   The Lord sent a plague on all the Egyptians’ livestock so that all their animals died.

Read Exodus 9:3, 6-7.

“‘“If you refuse, my powerful hand will bring a terrible plague on you. I will strike your livestock in the fields. I will strike your horses, donkeys, camels, cattle, sheep and goats.

So the next day the Lord sent it. All of the livestock of the Egyptians died. But not one animal that belonged to the Israelites died.

Pharaoh sent people to find out what had happened. They discovered that not even one animal that belonged to the Israelites had died. But his heart was still very stubborn. He wouldn’t let the people go.

   The Lord caused all the Egyptians to have terrible boils.

Read Exodus 9:10.

So Moses and Aaron took ashes from a furnace and stood in front of Pharaoh. Moses tossed them into the air. Then boils broke out on people and animals alike.

   The Lord sent a destructive hailstorm on Pharaoh and his people.

Read Exodus 9:23-26.

23 Moses reached his wooden staff out toward the sky. Then the Lord sent thunder and hail. Lightning flashed down to the ground. The Lord rained hail on the land of Egypt. 24 Hail fell and lightning flashed back and forth. It was the worst storm in Egypt’s entire history.

25 All over Egypt hail struck everything in the fields. It fell on people and animals alike. It beat down everything that was growing in the fields. It tore all of the leaves off the trees.

26 The only place it didn’t hail was in the area of Goshen. That’s where the people of Israel were.

   The Lord sent locusts.

Read Exodus 10:13-15.

13 So Moses reached his wooden staff out over Egypt. Then the Lord made an east wind blow across the land. It blew all that day and all that night. By morning the wind had brought the locusts. 14 They came into every part of Egypt. They settled down in every area of the country in large numbers. There had never been a plague of locusts like it before. And there will never be one like it again.

15 The locusts covered the ground until it was black. They ate up everything that was left after the hail. They ate up everything that was growing in the fields. They ate up the fruit on the trees. There was nothing green left on any tree or plant in the whole land of Egypt.

   The Lord blotted out all light over all of the land where the Egyptians were living.

Read Exodus 10:21-23.

21 The Lord spoke to Moses. He said, “Reach out your hand toward the sky. Darkness will spread over Egypt. It will be so dark that people can feel it.”

22 So Moses reached out his hand toward the sky. Then complete darkness covered Egypt for three days. 23 No one could see anyone else or go anywhere for three days. But all of the people of Israel had light where they lived.

   Pharaoh and the Egyptians could not save themselves from these terrible plagues sent by the Lord.

7.    God protected the Israelites from the nine plagues.

Even though the Israelites were living nearby in the same country, they did not suffer from the plagues that God sent upon the Egyptians.

Read Exodus 9:6-7; 10:22-23 again.

So the next day the Lord sent it. All of the livestock of the Egyptians died. But not one animal that belonged to the Israelites died.

Pharaoh sent people to find out what had happened. They discovered that not even one animal that belonged to the Israelites had died. But his heart was still very stubborn. He wouldn’t let the people go.

22 So Moses reached out his hand toward the sky. Then complete darkness covered Egypt for three days. 23 No one could see anyone else or go anywhere for three days. But all of the people of Israel had light where they lived.

   The Lord protected the Israelites because He loved them.

The Lord didn’t protect them because they were without sin or because they deserved His care. He protected them because of His love, mercy and grace.

   God protected the Israelites because of His promises to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.

God chose Abraham and promised to bless him and to make his descendants into a great nation. Although hundreds of years had passed and the Israelites were now slaves in Egypt, the Israelites were still God’s special people because they were the descendants which God had promised to Abraham.

   God protected the Israelites from the plagues to demonstrate that He was the only true and living God in the whole earth.

God wanted Pharaoh and the people of Egypt to know that He is supreme and sovereign and can do whatever He chooses to do.

8.    Pharaoh hardened his heart.

Each time the Lord sent a plague on the Egyptians, Pharaoh called for Moses and asked him to remove the plague. Pharaoh claimed that he would let the people of Israel go as soon as the plague was over. As soon as the Lord removed the plague, however, Pharaoh hardened his heart and would not let the Israelites leave. Every time Pharaoh did this, he became harder and more proud.

After the Lord had removed the last plague of thick darkness, Pharaoh was very arrogant. Listen to what he said to Moses.

Read Exodus 10:28.
Pharaoh said to Moses, “Get out of my sight! Make sure you don’t come to see me again! If you do, you will die.”

Pharaoh was angry and he told Moses that he would kill him if he ever dared to come and ask him again to let the Israelites go. Nevertheless, Moses still believed that the Lord would deliver the Israelites. His faith and trust was in the power of God. This is how Moses answered the king.

Read Exodus 10:29.
“I’ll do just as you say,” Moses replied. “I will never come to see you again.”

Was this the end? Does this mean that Pharaoh had won and God had lost?

Even after going through these nine terrible plagues, Pharaoh still refused to allow the Israelites to go. He still refused to obey the Lord.

Think about this: Can anyone fight against God and win? Do you think God was defeated by this proud man? After all God had done to make Pharaoh release the Israelites, did they remain in slavery? We will see what happened when we have the next lesson.


Questions

1.     What had God promised Moses that his brother, Aaron, would help him to do?

2.     When Moses and Aaron spoke to the Israelites, did the people believe God’s message?

3.     Will God accept those who do not believe what He says?

4.     When people don’t believe the Word of God, what are they showing that they think about God?

5.     What did Pharaoh say when Moses told him that the Lord commanded him to let the Israelites go?

6.     Did the king’s answer surprise the Lord?

7.     Does anything you say, think, or do surprise the Lord?

8.     For what purpose did God plan to use this proud king?

9.     What did God do to show His power?

10.     What were the plagues that the Lord sent on the Egyptians?

11.     Could the Egyptians save themselves from these terrible plagues sent by the Lord?

12.     Did the Israelites suffer from the plagues as the Egyptians did?

13.     Who protected the Israelites from the plagues?

14.     Did the Israelites deserve to be protected from the plagues?

15.     Had God forgotten the promise that He made to Abraham to bless his descendants and make them into a great nation?

16.     What did God’s protection of the Israelites from the plagues reveal to Pharaoh and the people of Egypt?

17.     What did Pharaoh do each time the Lord sent a plague?

18.     What did Pharaoh do each time the Lord removed the plague?

19.     Can anyone fight against God and win?