Lesson 20 第二十课

God destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah

Scripture: Genesis 18:20-21& Genesis 19:1-17, 24-26

1.   God would not tolerate the wickedness of Sodom and Gomorrah.

We learned in our last lesson that Lot, Abraham’s nephew, had moved away from Abraham to the plain where there was plenty of grass and water for his animals. Sodom and Gomorrah were two of the cities on the plain. The people who lived in these cities were very wicked.

Read Genesis 18:20-21.

20 So the Lord told Abraham, “I have heard a great outcry from Sodom and Gomorrah, because their sin is so flagrant. 21 I am going down to see if their actions are as wicked as I have heard. If not, I want to know.”

20 耶和华说所多玛和蛾摩拉的罪恶甚重声闻于我。 21 我现在要下去察看他们所行的果然尽像那达到我耳中的声音一样吗若是不然我也必知道。

•  God saw the people of Sodom and Gomorrah.

Even though many people lived in the world at that time, God was able to see everything that every person did. God saw everything the people of Sodom and Gomorrah did, and He heard everything that they said. He knew all about them, and He was interested in them.

•  God is still interested in all people today.

Even though there are many millions of people in the world today, God still knows and is interested in every individual. Every person and thing is important to God.

Think about this. Even though there are millions of birds in the world, God tells us in the Bible that He knows when one bird dies. He also tells us in the Bible that we are much more precious to Him than the birds.

•  God will punish every single person who refuses to believe His Word.

God is interested in every individual, and all are accountable to Him. You may think that God does not care what you as an individual do. But that is not so. God will judge you too.

•  God was ready to judge the people of Sodom and Gomorrah.

God had been displeased with the wicked people from these cities for a long time, even before Lot first moved near them. The Lord had been patiently waiting for the people of Sodom and Gomorrah to repent. But the people would not change their minds and believe in God, so God decided that He would no longer tolerate their sinfulness. It was time for God to judge them.

Think about the people in Noah’s day. God patiently waited for them to repent, but the time came when God decided He had given the people sufficient time to repent. When God sent the flood, not one of those who refused to agree with God escaped from His punishment.

God is supreme. He doesn’t ask anyone what He should do. When He decides that it is time to punish sinners, no one can stop Him.

•  God does not always punish sin immediately.

Sometimes it may seem like God overlooks sin. But think about this: Did God overlook the sin of the people in Noah’s day? No! Would God overlook the sin of the people of Sodom and Gomorrah? No! God will eventually punish all sin. No one can escape from God’s judgment. He sees and will punish the sin of every person.

2.   God’s angels came to Sodom.

Read Genesis 19:1-3.

That evening the two angels came to the entrance of the city of Sodom. Lot was sitting there, and when he saw them, he stood up to meet them. Then he welcomed them and bowed with his face to the ground. 2 “My lords,” he said, “come to my home to wash your feet, and be my guests for the night. You may then get up early in the morning and be on your way again.”

Oh no,” they replied. “We’ll just spend the night out here in the city square.”

3 But Lot insisted, so at last they went home with him. Lot prepared a feast for them, complete with fresh bread made without yeast, and they ate.

那两个天使晚上到了所多玛。罗得正坐在所多玛城门口,看见他们,就起来迎接,脸伏于地下拜, 说:我主啊,请你们到仆人家里洗洗脚,住一夜,清早起来再走。他们说:不,我们要在街上过夜。” 罗得切切地请他们,他们这才进去到他屋里。罗得为他们预备筵席,烤无酵饼,他们就吃了。

When Lot first moved to the plain, he lived near the city. We read in these verses that Lot had moved into the city of Sodom. Lot and his family were living in the same city as these wicked people.

 

God sent two of His angels into the city of Sodom for a special purpose. God sent them to warn Lot and his family that God was going to punish the people of Sodom and Gomorrah.

3.   The people who lived in Sodom were very sinful.

Read Genesis 19:4-9.

4 But before they retired for the night, all the men of Sodom, young and old, came from all over the city and surrounded the house. 5 They shouted to Lot, “Where are the men who came to spend the night with you? Bring them out to us so we can have sex with them!”

6 So Lot stepped outside to talk to them, shutting the door behind him. 7 “Please, my brothers,” he begged, “don’t do such a wicked thing. 8 Look, I have two virgin daughters. Let me bring them out to you, and you can do with them as you wish. But please, leave these men alone, for they are my guests and are under my protection.”

9 “Stand back!” they shouted. “This fellow came to town as an outsider, and now he’s acting like our judge! We’ll treat you far worse than those other men!” And they lunged toward Lot to break down the door.

他们还没有躺下,所多玛城里各处的人,连老带少,都来围住那房子, 呼叫罗得说:今日晚上到你这里来的人在哪里呢?把他们带出来,任我们所为。” 罗得出来,把门关上,到众人那里, 说:众弟兄,请你们不要做这恶事。 我有两个女儿,还是处女,容我领出来任凭你们的心愿而行。只是这两个人既然到我舍下,不要向他们做什么。” 众人说:退去吧!又说:这个人来寄居,还想要做官哪!现在我们要害你比害他们更甚。众人就向前拥挤罗得,要攻破房门。

  The people of Sodom were very wicked.

They thought that these angels were men, and the men of Sodom wanted to have sex with them. God never planned for men to have sex with other men. When God made Eve for Adam, He planned that they would be married, live together and have children. God planned for sex to be part of marriage and to be between a man and his wife. But the people of Sodom were only interested in their own evil desires. They didn’t want to follow God’s plan.

•  The people of Sodom and Gomorrah were also very arrogant and full of pride.

They were gluttons, and they didn’t care about the poor and needy. The Bible says that they were haughty and did detestable things before God.

You would probably agree that the people of Sodom and Gomorrah were very wicked, wouldn’t you? Perhaps you think that you have never done anything as wicked as those people did. But you need to know that all disobedience to God is sin, and the punishment for all sin is death. God judged the people of Sodom and Gomorrah for their sin, and God will judge you too unless you repent.

4.   God’s angels rescued Lot, his wife and his daughters out of Sodom.

Read Genesis 19:10-17.

10 But the two angels reached out, pulled Lot into the house, and bolted the door. 11 Then they blinded all the men, young and old, who were at the door of the house, so they gave up trying to get inside.

12 Meanwhile, the angels questioned Lot. “Do you have any other relatives here in the city?” they asked. “Get them out of this place—your sons-in-law, sons, daughters, or anyone else. 13 For we are about to destroy this city completely. The outcry against this place is so great it has reached the Lord, and he has sent us to destroy it.”

14 So Lot rushed out to tell his daughters’ fiancés, “Quick, get out of the city! The Lord is about to destroy it.” But the young men thought he was only joking.

15 At dawn the next morning the angels became insistent. “Hurry,” they said to Lot. “Take your wife and your two daughters who are here. Get out right now, or you will be swept away in the destruction of the city!”

16 When Lot still hesitated, the angels seized his hand and the hands of his wife and two daughters and rushed them to safety outside the city, for the Lord was merciful. 17 When they were safely out of the city, one of the angels ordered, “Run for your lives! And don’t look back or stop anywhere in the valley! Escape to the mountains, or you will be swept away!”

10 只是那二人伸出手来,将罗得拉进屋去,把门关上。 11 并且使门外的人,无论老少,眼都昏迷,他们摸来摸去,总寻不着房门。

12 二人对罗得说:你这里还有什么人吗?无论是女婿,是儿女,和这城中一切属你的人,你都要将他们从这地方带出去。 13 我们要毁灭这地方,因为城内罪恶的声音在耶和华面前甚大,耶和华差我们来,要毁灭这地方。” 14 罗得就出去,告诉娶了他女儿的女婿们说:你们起来离开这地方,因为耶和华要毁灭这城。他女婿们却以为他说的是戏言

15 天明了,天使催逼罗得说:起来,带着你的妻子和你在这里的两个女儿出去,免得你因这城里的罪恶同被剿灭。” 16 但罗得迟延不走。二人因为耶和华怜恤罗得,就拉着他的手和他妻子的手,并他两个女儿的手,把他们领出来,安置在城外。 17 领他们出来以后,就说:逃命吧!不可回头看,也不可在平原站住,要往山上逃跑,免得你被剿灭。

God was merciful to Lot and his family. Lot did not live a wicked life like the people of Sodom, but he was born a sinner, like all people on the earth. Lot, however, had agreed with God that he was a sinner, and he trusted in the coming Deliverer.

Before God destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah, God’s angels led Lot out of the city to safety.

•  God always saves those who agree with Him and trust in Him.

o Abel agreed with God and trusted in Him, so God accepted Abel.

o Noah agreed with God and trusted in Him, so God saved Noah from the flood.

o Lot agreed with God and trusted in Him, so God delivered him before Sodom was destroyed.

5.   God destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah.

Read Genesis 19:24-25.

24 Then the Lord rained down fire and burning sulfur from the sky on Sodom and Gomorrah25 He utterly destroyed them, along with the other cities and villages of the plain, wiping out all the people and every bit of vegetation.

24 当时,耶和华将硫磺与火从天上耶和华那里降于所多玛和蛾摩拉, 25 把那些城和全平原,并城里所有的居民,连地上生长的,都毁灭了。
After Lot was outside of the city, God rained fire down on Sodom and Gomorrah. God hates sin. He destroyed the world by a flood in the time of Noah. And He destroyed these cities by fire, along with the wicked people who lived in them.

•  God is still the same today.

He has not changed. He still sees and hates sin. No one can escape His judgment.

6.   Lots wife looked back.

•  Lot’s wife disobeyed God’s command.

Read Genesis 19:26.

26 But Lot’s wife looked back as she was following behind him, and she turned into a pillar of salt.
26 
罗得的妻子在后边回头一看,就变成了一根盐柱。

When the angels took Lot, his wife and his two daughters out of Sodom, they told them not to look behind them but to run to the mountains. Lot’s wife disobeyed and looked back.

God knew why Lots wife looked back. Lots wife was like Cain. She did not trust in God. She looked back because she liked the sinful ways of the people of Sodom. She didn’t want to leave. She was very foolish to ignore God’s warning because, when she looked back, God turned her into a pillar of salt.

•  God doesn’t threaten to punish and then forget.

When God warned Lot and his family not to look back, He was not merely threatening them. People may threaten to do something, but they often forget and do not carry through with the threat. He remembers and keeps His promises to bless those who trust in Him and to punish those who disobey Him. God never forgets about sin until it is paid for in full. The punishment for sin is death, separation from God forever in the Lake of Fire.

Questions

1.  Did God know about the wickedness of the people who lived in Sodom and Gomorrah?

2.  Is God interested in people today?

3.  If people refuse to believe God’s Word, will God bypass them and not punish them?

4.  The people of Sodom and Gomorrah had been wicked for a long time. Why had God waited to punish them?

5.  Does God merely threaten but never punish sinners?

6.  Can anyone stop God from punishing people when He decides they have had sufficient time to repent?

7.  Whom did God send to rescue Lot and his family from Sodom?

8.  Why did the Lord plan to rescue Lot?

9.  What happened when Lot's wife disobeyed God's command and looked back?