Lesson 18 第十八课

God chose Abram and guided him to Canaan

1.    Abram was a descendant of Shem.
Noah had three sons. One of his sons was named Shem. We are going to read in God’s Book about one of the descendants of Shem. His name was Abram, and his father’s name was Terah. Abram lived many years after the descendants of Shem, Ham and Japheth had tried to build the tower of Babel.

Read Genesis 11:27-30

27 This is the account of Terah’s family. Terah was the father of Abram, Nahor, and Haran; and Haran was the father of Lot. 28 But Haran died in Ur of the Chaldeans, the land of his birth, while his father, Terah, was still living. 29 Meanwhile, Abram and Nahor both married. The name of Abram’s wife was Sarai, and the name of Nahor’s wife was Milcah. (Milcah and her sister Iscah were daughters of Nahor’s brother Haran.) 30 But Sarai was unable to become pregnant and had no children.
27 他拉的后代记在下面。他拉生亚伯兰、拿鹤、哈兰。哈兰生罗得。 28 哈兰死在他的本地迦勒底的吾珥,在他父亲他拉之先。 29 亚伯兰、拿鹤各娶了妻:亚伯兰的妻子名叫撒莱;拿鹤的妻子名叫密迦,是哈兰的女儿,哈兰是密迦和亦迦的父亲。 30 撒莱不生育,没有孩子。

Abram married Sarai, but Abram and Sarai didn’t have any children. Later, we will read that God changes the name of Abram and Sarai.

Read Genesis 11:31-32

 31 One day Terah took his son Abram, his daughter-in-law Sarai (his son Abram’s wife), and his grandson Lot (his son Haran’s child) and moved away from Ur of the Chaldeans. He was headed for the land of Canaan, but they stopped at Haran and settled there. 32 Terah lived for 205 years and died while still in Haran.

31 他拉带着他儿子亚伯兰和他孙子哈兰的儿子罗得,并他儿妇亚伯兰的妻子撒莱,出了迦勒底的吾珥,要往迦南地去。他们走到哈兰,就住在那里。32 他拉共活了二百零五岁,就死在哈兰。

Abram lived in Ur, which is near where the people had begun to build the tower of Babel. Abram’s father, Terah, left Ur and moved to Haran. Terah took Abram and Sarai with him. Terah also took his grandson, Lot, because Lot’s father had died in Ur. They had planned to go into Canaan, but they only got as far as Haran. Terah died in Haran.

2.    God told Abram to leave his country.

Read Genesis 12:1.

The LORD had said to Abram, “Leave your native country, your relatives, and your father’s family, and go to the land that I will show you.

•     Before Abram moved with his father to Haran, God had spoken to Abram.
God had told Abram to leave his own country and go into the land of Canaan. The Bible was not yet written in Abram's day, so God spoke directly to him and told him what he was to do. God no longer speaks directly to people with a voice; He speaks through His Book, the Bible. The only way we can know about God and His message for us is through the words of this book, the Bible.

•     Abram was different from the people in his land.
The people of Abram’s land worshiped idols. They did not trust, love or obey God, the only true creator. Abram was a descendant of Adam just as the people in his land were, and so Abram was a sinner just as they were. But Abram was different from the people in his land because he did not worship idols as they did. Abram believed in God and His promises, and Abram came to God in the way that God had said to come.

•     God told Abram to leave his country and his people.
God’s plan for Abram could not be achieved while Abram was living among his idolatrous countrymen. He must leave his homeland and go to the country to which God promised He would guide him.

God had the right to tell Abram what to do. God is greater than all. He is supreme.

3.    God chose Abram as part of His plan to save people from the punishment for sin.
Ever since Adam disobeyed God when he disobeyed God by eating the fruit from the tree of knowledge of good and evil, people have been born separated from God and with sinful hearts.

•     Although all people were sinners, God never abandoned His plan to send the Deliverer.
Think about the descendants of Shem, Ham and Japheth who were building the tower of Babel. These people, who were our ancestors, deliberately turned away from God and the truth. They worshiped the things God had created instead of their creator, and they rebelled against God. Yet, God still loved them and didn’t forget His promise to send the Deliverer.
In the Garden of Eden, God had made a promise that He would send the Deliverer to rescue people from Satan’s power and everlasting punishment. God never abandoned that plan. No one and nothing can stop God from carrying out His plans. Whatever He begins, He finishes. Choosing Abram was the next step in God’s plan to rescue people.

•     God is still the same today as He was in the days of Abram.
He is still loving, merciful and gracious. He never forgot His plan to save people from everlasting punishment. He wants all people – including you – to be saved from everlasting punishment and from Satan’s power.
It is very important for you to continue to listen carefully to God's message so that you can learn the only way that you can be saved.

4.    God made promises to Abram.

Read Genesis 12:2.

I will make you into a great nation. I will bless you and make you famous, and you will be a blessing to others.

Even though Abram and Sarai did not have any children, God promised Abram that he would become the father of a great nation.
God also promised that He would protect and prosper Abram so that he would become an important man and that, through him, others would also receive great spiritual benefit and help.

Read Genesis 12:3.

 I will bless those who bless you and curse those who treat you with contempt. All the families on earth will be blessed through you.”


God promised that He would prosper those who helped Abram, but He would bring evil on anyone who treated Abram wrongly. God also promised Abram that all families of the earth would be blessed through him. This is the greatest promise given to Abram because it is about the Deliverer.

•     God promised Abram that one of his descendants would be the Deliverer.
In the garden in Eden, God had told of One who would overcome Satan and deliver the world from his power. This Deliverer would make it possible for people to be in oneness again with God.
All families of the earth would be blessed through the Deliverer who would be a descendant of Abram. This includes you and your people, me and my people, and all people in the world. The Deliverer whom God promised to send was for all people in every part of the world.

5.    Abram believed and obeyed God.

When God promised that one of Abram’s descendants would be the promised Deliverer who would destroy Satan, Abram and Sarai didn’t have any children. Nevertheless, Abram believed that God would send the Deliverer and that the Deliverer would be one of his descendants.
God told Abram to leave his home and go to the country to which God would guide him. Did Abram obey God? Yes, he believed God, so he obeyed God.

Read Genesis 12:4-5.

4 So Abram departed as the LORD had instructed, and Lot went with him. Abram was seventy-five years old when he left Haran. 5 He took his wife, Sarai, his nephew Lot, and all his wealth—his livestock and all the people he had taken into his household at Haran—and headed for the land of Canaan. When they arrived in Canaan,

4 亚伯兰就照着耶和华的吩咐去了,罗得也和他同去。亚伯兰出哈兰的时候年七十五岁。 5 亚伯兰将他妻子撒莱和侄儿罗得,连他们在哈兰所积蓄的财物、所得的人口,都带往迦南地去。他们就到了迦南地。

Abram was very rich and had many servants. He had many cattle, sheep and goats. He took all that he owned with him.

Abram and all those who traveled with him lived in tents.

Lot, Abram’s nephew, went with Abram and Sarai. Lot also believed God and trusted in His promises.

The Lord faithfully guided Abram to the land of Canaan that He had promised to give to him.


1. God spoke directly to Abram, but God no longer speaks directly to people with a voice. How does God speak to people now?
2. The people of Abram’s land worshiped idols. Whom did Abram worship?
3. How did Abram come to God?
4. The descendants of Noah rebelled against God and built the tower of Babel. Did their rebellion cause God to abandon His plan to send the Deliverer?
5. What was Abram’s part in God’s plan to send the Deliverer into the world?
6. Where did God tell Abram to go?
7. What did God promise Abram would happen to his descendants?
8. What did God say He would do for people who helped Abram?
9. What did God say He would do to people who treated Abram wrongly?
10. Who did God promise would be blessed through the Deliverer, Abram’s descendant?
11. How many children did Abram and Sarai have when God promised that the Deliverer would be one of Abram’s descendants?
12. What did Abram do when God gave him the promises?