John 21:1-25 约翰福音 第二十一章 第一至第二十五节

JESUS’ FINAL APPEARANCES

John 21:1-25


I.    Miracles Continue (21:1-14)


A.    A Night of Failure (vv. 1-3)

  1. Peter decided to return to his previous trade – fishing.  He announced to the other disciples that he was going fishing, and six others joined him.
  2. Although nighttime was the usual time for fishing, the disciples fished all night without a catch.

B.    A Morning of Success (vv. 4-14)

  1. At daybreak, Jesus was watching from the shore of the lake.  He shouted a question to them across the water, asking how they had fared during the night.
  2. At this point, they did not recognize Jesus.  Jesus then instructed them to cast their net on the other side of the boat.  Desperate to try anything, they did so and caught fish!  Then one of the disciples recognized Jesus.  Then they joined Him for breakfast.
  3. The miraculous catch of fish and Jesus’ fellowship with the disciples was the third recorded appearance of Jesus following His resurrection.  Here Jesus demonstrated again His power over the natural world.

II.    Do You Love Me? (21:15-25)


A.    Jesus Questions Peter’s Love

  1. Following their breakfast on the shores of the Sea of Galilee, Jesus turned to Peter and asked him three times if he loved Jesus.  By the third time, Peter was grieved that Jesus continued to ask him.  He confessed that Jesus knew all things – that He knew Peter’s heart.
  2. It’s no accident that Jesus asked Peter three times concerning his love. Peter had denied Jesus three times.  
  3. Following each affirmation of love, Jesus gave Peter a commission: “Tend My lambs”, “Shepherd My sheep”, “Tend My sheep”.
  4. Peter’s three denials of Jesus were answered in three affirmations of love and service.  He declared his love and loyalty, and Jesus accepted his confession and gave him a ministering responsibility.  Peter was to shepherd the sheep of Christ’s fold.
  5. Jesus then told the kind of death Peter would die to glorify God (vv. 18-19).  There is an early tradition that Peter was crucified upside down.  This was said to be at Peter’s own request, since, having denied his Lord, Peter did not deserve to die as Jesus did with His head upward.
  6. When Jesus had predicted the way Peter was to die, He then said, “Follow Me!”  Peter then asked Jesus about what John was to do.  Jesus’s answer was that Peter was not to worry about what John was to do, only that he should be obedient to Jesus (vv. 20-23).

B.    John’s Final Words

  1. The final words of the Gospel of John change from firsthand narrative to a plural perspective.  Not everything from the life of Christ was recorded, but only those things God felt supported the goal of leading individuals to belief in Jesus as the Son of God, who came to take away the sins of the world.
  2. The Gospel of John concludes with a verification of the testimony contained in it: “we know that his testimony is true.  And there are also many other things which Jesus did, which if they were written in detail, I suppose that even the world itself would not contain the books that would be written” (vv. 24b-25).


REVIEW QUESTIONS

  1. What was significant about Jesus’ examination of Peter’s love for Him?  What was Jesus trying to accomplish with His questioning of Peter?
  2. Drawing from the closing verses of this chapter, what was the author’s strategy for developing and presenting his account of the gospel?  What unrecorded aspect of Jesus’ life would you wish to learn about?
  3. This final chapter serves as a conclusion to John’s Gospel.  What unique information do we learn from it?
Comments