John 17: 1~26 约翰福音 第十七章 第一至第二十六节

FINAL WORDS OF JESUS

(Part 5)

John 17:1-26



I.    Introduction to Jesus’ Introcessory Prayer


A.    Jesus’ Requests
  1. Jesus ended His farewell discourse with a prayer – often called the “high priestly prayer.”
  2. Jesus’ prayer included many requests on behalf of Himself, His disciples, and other believers (the church).
B.    Jesus’ Motives
  1. Behind many of Jesus’ specific requests we can often see His motive or purposes.  
  2. In verse 1, Jesus prays, “Father, the hour has come, glorify Tour Son, that the Son may glorify You.” Usually a clause that begins with the word that speaks of purpose.  We can see that Jesus’ prayer was full of purpose as the word that occurred nineteen times in His prayer.
  3. Clearly, Jesus’ motives were unselfish, as His dominant motive was that God would be glorified in the coming events of His death and Resurrection.

II.    Jesus Prays for Himself: Theme – Jesus’ Finished Work of Salvation (17:1-5)


A.    “The hour has come”

  1. Here we have the beginning of the longest recorded Prayer of Jesus (17:1-26).  This has been considered by many as the true “Lord’s Prayer.”
  2. In this first section of the prayer, Jesus noted that the cross would bring glory to Himself, for it was the will of God and the means of salvation for all who would believe.

B.    Request and motive

  1. In verses 1 and 5, Jesus prayed for God to “glorify Your Son.”  The motive or purpose of this request was that God would be glorified.
  2. Jesus also referred to His former status, “the glory which I had with You before the world was” (v. 5).  This is a reference to Jesus’ eternal deity (See also John 1:1).
  3. This meant that Jesus’ earthly ministry was finished.

III.    Jesus Prays for the Disciples: Theme – Sanctification (17:6-19)


A.    Request and motive

  1. Most of this section of Jesus’ prayer was devoted to the welfare of the disciples.  He prayed specifically for their protection in the area of unity (v. 11), emphasizing again the importance of the unity of the body of Christ, the church.  This is not organizational unity but interpersonal, relational unity.
  2. Jesus also prayed that they would be protected from the evil one, or Satan, who is more than active in the world and bitterly opposed to the things of God (1 John 5:19).
  3. Finally, Jesus prayed that God would sanctify the disciples through the word of truth (v. 17).

B.    Sanctification

  1. Sanctification is the divine process whereby God molds us according to His holiness.  It is bringing to bear upon our lives the moral absolutes of the living God in such a way that they affect how we live and think.
  2. Sanctification and revelation are directly related.  Without God’s revelation of His word to our life, the process of sanctification cannot begin.
  3. Christ’s crucifixion makes possible the moving of the sinner from the profane to the holy so the believer can become a part of the temple where God dwells and is worshiped.

IV.    Jesus Prays for the Church: Theme – Glorification (17:20-26)


A.    The type of unity that Jesus and the Father have

  1. Father and Son are inseparably one – the Father in the Son and the Son in the Father.
  2. Jesus prayed that His followers will be in both the Father and the Son in  order to show to the world the oneness that comes from being rooted in God.

B.    “So that the world may believe”

  1. Jesus is stating that unity among His followers has an effect on the rest of the world.  There are at least two implications with this.  First of all, the implication is that if a person truly has become a believer and follower of Christ, there will have been a transformation in that the believer will be unified with Christ and the Father, thus being one with them.
  2. Secondly, if this transformation has occurred, the individual believer will be unified with other believers.  This does not imply that the individual believers lose their own identities, or that there will not be disagreement among believers over some issues.  Rather, the implication is that the world will recognize something in Christ’s followers that is different from the way the rest of the world operates.  They will see a body of believers that love God and each other.
  3. The extremely significant result will be that the world will in turn believe that God has sent Jesus, that He truly is the Messiah – God’s Son.  This also implies that when the followers of Christ do not display this kind of unity, then those unbelievers in the world will not believe that Jesus truly is the Son of God. 



REVIEW QUESTIONS


  1. What makes this prayer of Jesus unique?  What are its elements?
  2. Sanctification is a very important concept in Jesus’ prayer.  What is the doctrine of sanctification?  Why was it so important to Jesus in this prayer?
  3. In this prayer, what do we learn about the relationship between the Son and the Father?
  4. How did Jesus pray for Himself?  For His disciples?  For the church?
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