John 07:1 ~ 08:11 约翰福音 第七章 第一节至第八章 第十一节

THE GOSPEL OF JOHN

OPPOSITION TO JESUS (Part 3)

John 7:1 – 8:11


I.    God’s Time (7:1-13)


    A.    The Feast of Tabernacles (Booths)

1.    The Feast of Tabernacles was observed in the fall.  It consisted of celebration and thanksgiving for the fall harvest, especially to grape harvest, and commemoration of the wilderness wanderings.

2.    One of the three feasts which Jewish men were required to attend, it got its name from the use of temporary booths or tabernacles erected in the vineyards during the harvest to guard the fields.

3.    Lasting a full week – eight days with a Sabbath added at the end, it was a popular festival among the people.


B.    Jesus avoided Judea

1.    Some might wonder why Jesus would stay away from Judea because the Jews there were waiting to take His life, especially in light of the fact that Jesus willingly went to death at the time of His crucifixion.  Simply put, it was not His time (vv. 6-8).

2.    The time for surrendering His life would come, but not now; God desired more to be accomplished through Jesus’ life.  All would transpire at the moment God intended.


II.    An Authoritative Teacher (7:14-24)


    A.    The beginning of Jesus’ teaching ministry

1.    At the appropriate time, halfway through the Feast of Tabernacles, Jesus revealed Himself and began to teach.  The crowds were surprised that Jesus had not studied under any of the noted Jewish scholars.  

2.    Jesus responded to their amazement by noting that His teaching was not His “own,” but it was “His who sent Me” (v. 16).

   

B.    Jesus provided three lines of support for His teaching:

1.    His authority.  It was rooted in the Father who sent Him.

2.    His selfless ministry.  What He had done was not for self-glorification.

3.    The place of the Law.  The Jews cherished the Law of Moses but did not keep it.


III.    The Spirit Promised (7:25-44)


    A.    Rejection of Jesus as the Messiah

1.    Many people believed that no one would know the origin or birthplace of the Messiah.  Therefore, since they knew of Jesus’ origins, He could not be the Messiah (v. 27), according to their perspective.

2.    As a result, they tried to seize Jesus, but apparently they were unable to lay a hand on Him because “His hour had not yet come” (v. 30).


    B.    “Living Water”

1.    One of the features of the Feast of Tabernacles was the carrying of water from the pool of Siloam to the Temple each day.  Each morning a procession of priests carried the water, which was poured into a bowl at the altar while the trumpet sounded and the people shouted.  Against this symbolic background, Jesus showed up at the feast on the last day.

2.    Jesus claimed that in Him could be found the fulfillment of all which this ritual represented.  In addition, those who satisfied their spiritual thirst at this spring would become fountains for the spiritual refreshment of others.  He who trusts in Christ not only receives the water of life that springs up to eternal life, but becomes the source of that gift to others.  For no one can have the Holy Spirit of God within him and keep that Spirit to himself.  Where the Spirit is, He flows outwardly.


III.    A Prophet From Galilee? (7:45-52)


    A.    The Pharisees’ Judgment

1.    The Temple guards who had been sent to arrest Jesus exclaimed, “Never has a man spoken the way this man speaks” (v. 46).  The Pharisees dismissed the guards as deceived, arguing that since none of the Pharisees had expressed belief in Jesus, then He was not to be accepted.  

2.    The Pharisees elevated their own sense of learning and understanding.  In so doing, they exaggerated the ignorance of the average person.  This produced a spiritual pride that led them to believe that true understanding existed only in their teachings.


    B.    Nicodemus Intervenes

1.    Then Nicodemus, who had spoken with Jesus earlier (3:1-21), reminded them that no one was to be judged without a hearing.

2.    The Pharisees responded with the firm conviction that no prophet could come from Galilee.


IV.    A Sinless Judge (7:53-8:11)


    A.    The Attempt to Trap Jesus

1.    The teachers of the Law and the Pharisees brought to Jesus a woman who had been caught in adultery.  They wanted Him to pronounce proper judgment on her.  

2.    The Pharisees’ purpose was to trap Jesus.  If He neglected to suggest a stoning, as the Law required, He could be charged with being a lawbreaker.  If, however, Jesus did advocate stoning, He would be acting contrary to His message of love and forgiveness.


    B.    Jesus’ Response

1.    Jesus responded first by kneeling down and writing in the dirt.  Then He arose and said, “He who is without sin among you, let him be the first to throw a stone at her” (8:7).

2    Jesus didn’t break the Law; yet, He ensured that the woman wouldn’t be stoned.  When everyone had left, Jesus addressed the woman’s two greatest needs: self-esteem and a new life. For her self-esteem, He assured her that He, who was without sin, did not condemn her.  For her deepest need, a new life, Jesus said, “Go.  From now on, sin no more” (v. 11).

3.    The story of the woman caught in adultery captures both the gracious, forgiving spirit of Jesus and His firm call to the transformation of life.  




REVIEW QUESTIONS


1.    What authority did Jesus claim to have to back up His teaching?

2.    What is the point of Jesus’ teaching about the “rivers of living water”?  How did the crowd respond to this teaching?

3.    Prior to His crucifixion, Jesus avoided attempts on His life.  Why were His enemies repeatedly unsuccessful?

4.    What was the purpose of the Pharisees’ bringing the woman who had committed adultery to Jesus?  What lessons can we learn from this event?

Comments